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Unit Four

History as a Story of Change: 1945-Present

SCO 4.1 Confederation

J.R. Smallwood campaigning for Confederation.
Reproduced by permission of the Archives and Manuscripts Division (J.R. Smallwood Collection 075, Photo 5.05.321), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University, St. John's, NL.
Chesley Crosbie, leader of the Economic Union Party.
From Joseph R. Smallwood, "The Story of Confederation," The Book of Newfoundland, volume three (St. John's, Newfoundland: Newfoundland Book Publishers, ©1967) 73.

SCO 4.2 Economic Changes Post-Confederation to 1971

Joseph R. Smallwood (1900-1991), n.d.
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s Smallwood led the effort to develop the province's economy.
Reproduced by permission of the Archives and Manuscripts Division (J.R. Smallwood Collection 075, 5.05.061), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University, St. John's, NL.
The Linerboard Mill, n.d.
Detail from an artist’s drawing of the Linerboard Mill at Stephenville.
Reproduced by permission of the Archives and Manuscripts Division (Coll. 075, 5.04.076), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University, St. John's, NL.
Bay d’Espoir Rockfield Dam, n.d.
A portion of the Bay d’Espoir Rockfield Dam. Caption on back of the image reads “Bay d’Espoir Salmon Rivers Rockfield Dam 130 feet.”
Reproduced by permission of the Archives and Manuscripts Division (Coll. 075, 5.05.128), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University, St. John's, NL.
Salt Cod Barrels, n.d.
Wooden barrels containing dried salted cod, labelled "Prime dry cod fish 64lbs nett...product of Newfoundland."
Courtesy of the Maritime History Archives (PF-003.035), Memorial University. NAFEL Photographs.

SCO 4.3 Social Changes in Post-Confederation Newfoundland and Labrador





SCO 4.4 Economic Development/Issues at the Close of the 20th Century

SCO 4.5 Social Changes/Issues at the Close of the 20th Century

Unidentified Innu man, 1912
The Newfoundland and Labrador government did not have any special agencies in place to deal with Aboriginal affairs before Confederation.
Photo by Robert Flaherty. Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada (C-143635).
Bonne Bay, 2006
Although tourism has created some jobs in Bonne Bay, the collapse of the cod fishery has forced many residents to move elsewhere in search of work.
Photographer unknown. Reproduced by permission of Image Services, Marketing and Communications, Memorial University of Newfoundland. © 2008.
Georgiana Cooper at Age 25, 1910.
Cooper’s poems often highlight a presence of God in the world, mostly as manifestations of nature.
Photographer unknown. Photo compliments of Doreen and Harry Cuff.
Mary Dalton, n.d.
Dalton has published two books of poetry - The Time of Icicles, 1989 and Allowing the Light, 1993.
Photo by Margaret Dalton. Reproduced by permission of Mary Dalton.
Des Walsh, 2006.
In addition to publishing six collections of poetry, Walsh has written numerous plays.
Photo by Ruth Lawrence and used with permission. ©2006.
Harry Hibbs, 1971.
This photo of Hibbs was originally a publicity still used for the cover of the February issue of Canadian Composer.
Courtesy of The Estate of Harry Hibbs.
Introduction Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage New Site