Dictionary of Newfoundland English

Abbreviations (supplement)

Below are listed the abbreviations employed in the Supplement, especially in the references found in the headnotes. For a key to the abbreviations used in quoting the sources for the Supplement, see the Bibliography Supplement.

a, adj — adjective, adjectival
A.D. — anno Domini
A-I — Anglo-Irish
attrib — attributive
Austr — Australia
av — adverb
b — born
Brk — Berkshire
c. — approximately; century
C — item in MUNFLA Card Collection
cm — centimetre
Co — Cornwall
CO — Colonial Office [Series]
comb(s) — combination(s)
commun — communication
comp — compiler
Conn — Connecticut
cp — compare with the following term or reference
cpd — compound
CS — Colonials Series
cty, cties — county, counties
D — Devon
det — determiner
Do — Dorset
ed(s) — editor(s), edited by; edition
ed emend — editorial emendation
esp — especially
ff — and the following pages
fig. — figurative
Fr — French
freq — frequent(ly)
Gl — Gloucestershire
Ha — Hampshire
He — Hereford
ibid — the same source
int — interjection
intens — intensifier
Ir — Ireland, Irish
ISER — Institute of Social and Economic Research
m — metre
M — item in MUNFLA Manuscript Collection
MS(S) — manuscript(s)
MUNFLA — Memorial University of Newfoundland Folklore and Language Archive
n — noun; note
N & QNotes & Queries
naut — nautical usage
neg — negative
Nfld — Newfoundland
no — northern
P — item submitted by a person
PANL — Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador
Q — item obtained from a questionnaire
T — item in MUNFLA Tape Collection
TS — typescript
U K — United Kingdom
U S — United States
usu — usually
v — verb
var — various; variant
vbl n — verbal noun
vol(s). — volume(s)
W — Wiltshire

* a spelling not attested in printed sources; a spelling devised to suggest an approximate pronunciation: graunyer*
( ) an optional spelling or inflectional ending occurs: shaving(s)
= the preceding term means: example [=gloss]
~ 'the word being defined'; 'the word just mentioned': drudge, ~ barrow
[ ] phonetic transcription; editorial correction or emendation; a relevant quotation which does not contain the word being illustrated; date of first appearance, writing, or, if a ballad, performance.