Central Newfoundland

The Central Newfoundland ecoregion covers the north-central part of the island of Newfoundland. Maritime conditions produce cool summers and short, cold winters. It is the most continental part of the island. The mean annual temperature is around 4.5°C, with a mean summer temperature of 12.5°C and a mean winter temperature of -3.5°C. The mean annual precipitation ranges from 1000 mm to 1300 mm.

Vegetation, Wildlife and Human Activity

Balsam fir and black spruce dominate on steep, moist, upland slopes. Black spruce, paper birch, and aspen grow on disturbed sites. Kalmia heath and lichens are found on drier sites. Some areas lack good forest growth due to exposure to winds and poor soil conditions. The higher elevations are rugged and rocky, while lower areas have a rolling terrain. Black bear, caribou, moose, lynx, and red fox are typical types of wildlife. Forestry is main industry in the Central Newfoundland ecoregion. The major communities include Gander, Grand Falls-Windsor and Botwood.

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