The Andrey Markin
A Soviet trawler docked at St. John's, n.d

The advent of trawlers - particularly factory freezer trawlers - allowed Canadian and foreign fishers to harvest cod with unprecedented ease and efficiency. Before Canada extended its 200-mile limit in 1977, fishers from the Soviet Union, Spain, Portugal, France, and other countries regularly exploited the Grand Banks. By the end of the 1960s, the Northern cod stock had fallen into severe decline.

Photo by Harry Stone. Reproduced by the permission of the Maritime History Archive (PF-001.1-M17a), Memorial University, St. John's, NL.
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