Newfoundland heritage homes are classified into four categories:
First Generation HouseSometimes referred to as a settlers house, these homes were built most frequently from 1835-1910. These houses were very rugged looking one story dwellings and were made from rudimentary materials.
Second Generation HouseBetter known as a salt box, these homes were built most frequently from 1865-1920. The house pictured below was basically a settlers house but was built with higher quality materials. This house, however, had one and a half storeys.
Third Generation HouseThis house is also known as a salt box (modified). It was built most frequently between1880-1935. This house had two full storeys and was slightly larger than the salt box.
Fourth Generation HouseThis house, the largest of the folk houses, has two full storeys, a central half hall, and a flat roof. This house, known as a biscuit box was built most frequently between 1870-1960.
This classification system helps researchers document existing folk homes. This is illustrated in the table below entitled "Development of House Styles 1835-1960" which was taken from The Peopling of Newfoundland and Labrador.
(Figures 1, 2 & 5)
(Figures 3 & 4)