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Classification:

Newfoundland heritage homes are classified into four categories:


First Generation House

Sometimes referred to as a settlers house, these homes were built most frequently from 1835-1910. These houses were very rugged looking one story dwellings and were made from rudimentary materials.


Figure 1

Second Generation House

Better known as a salt box, these homes were built most frequently from 1865-1920. The house pictured below was basically a settlers house but was built with higher quality materials. This house, however, had one and a half storeys.


Figure 2

Third Generation House

This house is also known as a salt box (modified). It was built most frequently between1880-1935. This house had two full storeys and was slightly larger than the salt box.


Figure 3

Fourth Generation House

This house, the largest of the folk houses, has two full storeys, a central half hall, and a flat roof. This house, known as a biscuit box was built most frequently between 1870-1960.


Figure 4

This classification system helps researchers document existing folk homes. This is illustrated in the table below entitled "Development of House Styles 1835-1960" which was taken from The Peopling of Newfoundland and Labrador.


Figure 5

(Figures 1, 2 & 5)
Reproduced by permission of David Mills. From John J. Mannion, ed., The Peopling of Newfoundland: essays in historical geography, Social and Economic Papers series; No. 8 (St. John's, Newfoundland: Institute of Social and Economic Research, Memorial University of Newfoundland, ©1977) 84, 89, 86.

(Figures 3 & 4)
Reproduced by permission of the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's, Newfoundland. From Dale Jarvis, ed., Heritage Inventory of the Bonavista Peninsula: preliminary Inventory report of selected pre-1920 structures in the Bonavista Peninsula area, vol. 1 (St. John's, Newfoundland: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, ©1995) 303, 122.

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