Lithograph of St. John's, NL, 1892
Newfoundland and Labrador had a population of about 19,000 at the start of the 19th century, with the largest concentrations occurring at St. John's and Conception Bay. By end of the century, the country had a population of approximately 220,000 people living in more than 1,000 settlements scattered across the island and Labrador. While climbing birth rates contributed much to the growing population, immigration was another important factor, particularly in the early decades of the 1800s.
Artist unknown. Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada (R9266-1657), Ottawa, Ontario.