Select Bibliography: 19th Century Trade

Alexander, David. "Newfoundland's Traditional Economy and Development to 1934." Newfoundland in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Essays in Interpretation. Ed. James Hiller and Peter Neary. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980. 17-39. Print.

Cadigan, Sean T. "Failed Proposals for Fisheries Management and Conservation in Newfoundland, 1855-1880." Fishing Places, Fishing People: Traditions and Issues in Canadian Small-Scale Fisheries. Eds. Dianne Newell and Rosemary Ommer. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. 147-169. Print.

---. Hope and Deception in Conception Bay. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995. Print.

---. "The Moral Economy of the Commons: Ecology and Equity in the Newfoundland Cod Fishery, 1815-1855." Labour/Le Travail, 43(1999): 9-42. Print.

Cadigan, Sean T. and Jeffrey A. Hutchings. "Nineteenth-Century Expansion of the Newfoundland Fishery for Atlantic Cod: An Exploration of Underlying Causes." The Exploited Seas: New Directions for Marine Environmental History, Research in Maritime History, vol. 21. Eds. Paul Holm, Tim D. Smith and David J. Starkey. St. John's: International Maritime Economic History Association, 2001. 31-65. Print.

Candow, James E. Of Men and Seals: A History of the Newfoundland Seal Hunt. Ottawa : National Historic Parks and Sites, Canadian Parks Service, Environment Canada, 1989. Print.

"Currency." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

"Exports." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

"Fisheries." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

Hiller, James K. "The Newfoundland Credit System: An Interpretation." Merchant Credit and Labour Strategies in Historical Perspective. Ed. Rosemary E. Ommer. Fredericton: Acadiensis Press, 1990. 86-101. Print.

Hutchings, Jeffrey A. "The Biological Collapse of Newfoundland's Northern Cod." Fishing Places, Fishing People: Traditions and Issues in Canadian Small-Scale Fisheries. Ed. Dianne Newell and Rosemary Ommer. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. 260-275. Print.

"Imports." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

Innis, Harold A. The Cod Fisheries: The History of an International Economy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1978. Print.

Macdonald, David A. "They Cannot Pay us in Money: Newman and Company and the Supplying system in the Newfoundland Fishery, 1850-1884." Merchant Credit and Labour Strategies in Historical Perspective. Ed. Rosemary E. Ommer. Fredericton: Acadiensis Press, 1990. 114-128. Print.

Ommer, Rosemary. "Rosie's Cove: Settlement Morphology, History, Economy, and Culture in a Newfoundland Outport." Fishing Places, Fishing People: Traditions and Issues in Canadian Small-Scale Fisheries. Ed. Dianne Newell and Rosemary Ommer. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. 17-31. Print.

Ommer, Rosemary E., ed. Merchant Credit and Labour Strategies in Historical Perspective. Fredericton: Acadiensis Press, 1990. Print.

Ryan, Shannon. Fish Out of Water: The Newfoundland Saltfish Trade 1814-1914. St. John's: Breakwater, 1986. Print.

---. The Ice Hunters. St. John's: Breakwater, 1994. Print.

---. The Newfoundland Cod Fishery in the Nineteenth Century. Unpublished MA thesis. Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1971. Print.

---. "The Newfoundland Salt Cod Trade in the Nineteenth Century." Newfoundland in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Essays in Interpretation. Ed. James Hiller and Peter Neary. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980. 40-66. Print.

---. "Newfoundland Sealing Disasters." Paper presented to the Canadian Historical Association. 29 May 1990. Print.

Sanger, Chesley W. The Seal Fishery. St. John's: Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1998. Print.

"Sealing." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

"Triangular Trade." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

"Truck System." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vols. 1-5. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1981-1994. Print.

Winsor, Frederick. The Newfoundland Bank Fishery: Government Policies and the Struggle to Improve Bank Fishing Crews' Working, Health, and Safety Conditions, 1876-1920. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1996. Print.

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