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Unit Five - Appendix 13

Primary Documents in Newfoundland and Labrador History

Below is a list of examples of Primary Source Documents that can be found at the Libraries and Archives of Canada and the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John’s, Newfoundland. Many of these can be found at:

www.heritage.nf.ca or: http://www.collectionscanada.ca/confederation/

1. Inuit woman and children, Labrador. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division B 10-148). http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/aboriginal/inuit.php#family

2. William Carson (1770-1843), n.d. Carson, a 19th century Newfoundland reformer and politician, campaigned for representative government. Artist unknown. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division A 23-91), St. John's, Newfoundland.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/politics/representative-government-1832-to-1855.php#carson

3. American schooner, n.d. A schooner from Massachusetts off the coast of Newfoundland. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division A 17-96).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/politics/reciprocity-newfoundland-united-states.php#schooner

4. Drying Fish, ca. 1890. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division B 4-39). Possibly the Crosbie Premises, St. John's. For much of its history, St. John's has been an important centre for the collection and export of fish from around Newfoundland and Labrador.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/economy/19th-century-cod.php#fish

5. Letter to the editor from C. F. Bennett, The Morning Chronicle (St. John's), December 7, 1868. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7123-e.html

6. “No Confederation,” The Morning Chronicle (St. John's), September 28, 1869, p. 1. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7124-e.html

7. “Confederation in Newfoundland,” The Newfoundlander (St. John's), October 5, 1869, p. 2. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7125-e.html

8. Sons of England Benefit Society (S.O.E.) Outing, July 1898. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division VA 19-112). Although harsh economic realities were present in the daily lives of many fishing families, the fishing industry made some merchants prosperous. Society outings were important elements of 19th century society for more affluent individuals.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/economy/trade.php#soe

9. House of Assembly in Session c. 1914. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division C 1-207). Edward Morris, the prime minister and leader of the Peoples Party, is the third person to the left of the Speaker. Unlike most parliamentary legislatures, in Newfoundland the party in power sat to the left of the speaker – because that was where the fireplace was located.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/articles/state-great-war.php#assembly

10. Women's Patriotic Association workers at Government House, ca. 1914.(Rooms Provincial Archives Division B 5-173).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/womens-patriotic-association/index.php#wpa

11. D Company, First Newfoundland Regiment, lining rails of S.S. Stephano, ready to leave for overseas, March 20, 1915. (Rooms Provincial Archives Division VA 37-23).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/royal-newfoundland-regiment/index.php#dcompany

12. Officers of the First Newfoundland Regiment with British Officers, n.d. Courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (Rooms Provincial Archives Division F 46-14), St. John's, Newfoundland.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/royal-newfoundland-regiment/index.php#f4614

13. Colonel Dr. Cluny Macpherson in Egypt, September 1915.(Rooms Provincial Archives Division, Macpherson Collection A-24-155).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/royal-newfoundland-regiment/index.php#macpherson

14. VAD printed propaganda, n.d. (From the Ruby Ayre Album, p. 5. Courtesy of the Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.)
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/voluntary-aid-detachment/index.php#coll322

15. Unveiling the National War Memorial, St. John's, July 1, 1924. (Rooms Provincial Archives Division NA 15-27).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/greatwar/articles/enlarge/na1527.html

16. Opening of Beaumont Hamel Park, France, ca. 1925. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division NA 31-06).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/commemorations/index.php#na3106

17. National War Memorial, St. John's, ca. 1925. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division E 23-23).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/commemorations/index.php#e2323

18. Unveiling the National War Memorial, St. John's, July 1, 1924.( Rooms Provincial Archives Division E 47-40).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/first-world-war/gallery/commemorations/index.php#e4740

19. Election List, 1855-1934.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/politics/election-list-1855-1934.php

20. St. John's, ca. 1939. The struggling country of Newfoundland was hit extremely hard by the Great Depression, which began in 1929. While many Newfoundlanders found themselves unemployed, others worked for low wages. The political and financial instability, coupled with social unrest, made for the Dirty '30s.(Gustav Anderson Collection). From Carmelita McGrath and Kathryn Welbourn, Desperate Measures: The Great Depression in Newfoundland and Labrador, 27.
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/politics/win-lose-confederation.php#depression

21. Inauguration of the Commission of Government, February 16, 1934. Newfoundland governor Sir David Murray Anderson speaking at the inauguration of the Commission of Government. ( Rooms Provincial Archives Division B 4-137).
http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/politics/amulree-commission.php#inauguration

22. “Dictionary of political terms,” The Independent, April 5, 1948, p. 7. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/023001/f1/nlc002097-v6.jpg

23. “Battle song of Newfoundland,” The Confederate, May 12, 1948, p. 3. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7126-e.html

24. “Voters of Newfoundland,.” The Independent, May 28, 1948, p. 1. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/023001/f1/619-v5.jpg

25. “Too late!,” The Independent, June 26, 1948, p. 3. © Public Domain
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/023001/f1/nlc002098-v5.jpg

26. “An Act to approve the Terms of Union of Newfoundland with Canada,” Statutes of Canada 1949 (v. I), c. 1, p. 1-21. © Crown Reproduced with permission of the Department of Justice
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7127-e.html

27. “An Act to confirm and give effect to Terms of Union of Newfoundland agreed between Canada and Newfoundland,” Statutes of Canada 1949, c. 22, Prefix, p. v-vi. © Crown Reproduced with permission of the Department of Justice
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7128-e.html

28. British North America Act, 1949, Enactment No. 21. Department of Justice Canada website:
http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/csj-sjc/constitution/lawreg-loireg/p1t211.html

29. “New province tomorrow: hope, sorrow blend on Confederation eve,” Toronto Telegram, March 31, 1949, p. 1 and 3. © Dorothy Howarth Reproduced with the permission of Dorothy Howarth
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-7129-e.html

30. “For some, the debate hasn't ended,” St. John's Weekly Telegram, March 21, 1999, p. 5.© The Telegram Reproduced with the permission of The Telegram
https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-3060-e.html

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