Entrance to St. John's Harbour, 1818
St. John's developed into a commercial and administrative hub with a relatively complex economy by the early-19th century. The town not only supported fishers and merchants, but also physicians, shopkeepers, bakers, butchers, shoemakers, watchmakers, tailors, journalists, and other workers.
Drawn by Lieut. Edward Chappell, engraved by J. Smith. From Charles de Volpi, Newfoundland: A Pictorial Record (Sherbrooke, Quebec: Longman Canada Limited, ©1972), 16.