Musgrave, Sir Anthony (1828-1888)
Musgrave was born in St. John's, Antigua on August 31, 1828. He received his education there
and in Great Britain. He became private secretary to the governor of the Leeward Islands in 1850.
In 1851, he started law studies at the Inner Temple in England but stopped when appointed as
Antigua's colonial secretary in 1854. While the post ended in 1860, Musgrave took other colonial
posts, in Nevis and St. Vincent, before he became governor of Newfoundland in 1864.
Newfoundland at the time of his appointment had an unstable economy, a poor population, and a
volatile political environment. Musgrave believed confederation with Canada would solve the
island's problems and spent much of his term lobbying for the cause. Musgrave did attend the
opening of the first Canadian parliament and discussed Newfoundland terms of union with
Governor General Lord Monck and Sir John A. MacDonald. While they were drawn up,
however, the Newfoundland government never passed them. He ended his term in 1869, still
hopeful the island would join Canada.
As governor of British Columbia, Musgrave had better luck. Within two years of his appointment,
British Columbia joined Canada. He left British Columbia to become governor of Natal in 1872.
He also served as governor of South Australia, Jamaica, and Queensland before his death in
Australia in 1888.
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