Pole, Sir Charles Morice (1757-1830)
Charles Morice Pole was born in England on January 18, 1757, and entered the Royal Academy in
1770. He served in the East Indies, and was promoted to lieutenant on the Seahorse in 1777. He
participated in the siege of Pondicherry (India) and after returning to England was promoted to
post-rank in 1780. In 1788 he acted as Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke of Clarence, and
was present at the occupation of Toulon in 1793. Pole was promoted rear-admiral in 1795 and
served in the West Indies. He was promoted captain of the fleet in 1797.
On June 3, 1800, Pole was appointed governor and commander-in-chief of Newfoundland.
Immediately, he addressed the outbreak of smallpox in several communities. Accompanying
doctors John Clinch and John McCurdy, inoculation was practiced in Ferryland, Placentia and St.
John's. Furthermore, Pole continued to support Waldegrave's charity "Committee for the Relief
of the Poor". His term ended in 1801.
After his term as governor, he was in command of a fleet in the Baltic, and was created a baronet
that September. In 1802 he was a member of Parliament for Newark, and was promoted to
admiral in 1805 but had no further active service. On July 22, 1830 he became Admiral of the
Fleet, and died that year at Denham Abbey, Hertfordshire on September 6th.
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