Muskerry, Robert McCarthy (1698-1769)
Robert McCarthy (McCarty), Viscount Muskerry and Cork and the Earl of Cancarty, was
born in Ireland. A naval officer, he is notable for being the first Irish Governor of Newfoundland.
On April 5th, 1733, McCarthy was appointed Governor of Newfoundland, becoming the
fifth governor. Permanent settlement of Newfoundland was ongoing, and efforts continued to
diminish the power of the fishing admirals. As previous governors had done, he appointed
officials to oversee judicial matters over the winter and encouraged the inhabitants to respect their
Two years later McCarthy returned to Ireland. He remained active in the Royal Navy until
1741, when he moved permanently to France. He died in Boulogne in September 1769.
Updated, May, 2003.
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