World Map
Late 16th century world map based on Icelandic writings.
This map by Sigurd Stefánsson, a schoolmaster who taught at Skálholt, dates from the 1500s. The western hemisphere place names were derived from information contained in old Icelandic writings. Although the original map has not survived, this reproduction was published in 1706 by Torfæus from 'Gronlandia Antiqua.'

From Jónas Kristjánsson, Icelandic Sagas and Manuscripts (Reykjavik, Iceland: Saga Publishing Co., ©1970) 16.

Many medieval and early Renaissance scholars falsely perceived that the North Atlantic ocean contained numbers of islands and was surrounded by a continuous coastline of land. This notion is represented in Stefánsson's world map. Several place names are included on this map. North of the compass rose, is situated the mythical island of 'Frisland' (Frifland) and above it, Iceland (Ifland). While Norway (Norvegia) appears along the right-hand section of mainland, the Faroe Islands (Feröe) and the Orkney Islands (Orcades) are situated off its southwest coastline. Both Ireland (Irland) and Britain (Britannia) appear just below the Orkney island chain. What are commonly believed to be the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland (Promonterium Vindlandiæ), also referred to as 'Vinland' meaning 'wine-land') and Labrador (Skrælingeland, 'land of the savages') are located in the lower left hand corner of the map. Helluland ('flagstone-land') and Markland ('forest-land') - most likely the Labrador peninsula - comprise the mainland section to the left of the compass rose. The large section of jutting mainland to the north of this is Greenland (Grönlandia).
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