Cartwirght's map

John Cartwright: "Sketch of the River Exploits", 1773.
Courtesy of the National Archives of Canada/NMC 27. 1678x2128 pixels (700 Kb)

Transcription of Script on Cartwright's sketch of the Exploits River

This River has, from its source down so far as Upper Sandy Point, frequent shoals some of which confine the major part of its water within a narrow channel. Many of these shoals are beds of shingle, some fine, some coarse, others again are beds of loose round stones of all sizes from that of a melon til they arrive at diameters of six, eight, ten feet upwards; and in other places they are extensive strata of Rocks. Its shores on both sides are in every part without exception one continued Wood.

Those Ranges or Clusters of Rocks stretching across a River that form a fall or so block it up as to interrupt the current, are from the noise thereby occasioned called Rattles. In the Exploits at all of them accept Flat Rattle, the Rivers Bed is an entire Rock from side to side the tops of which on each shore have withstood the efforts of the Stream; which has in other places where it found a loose(?) soil widened the River by wearing away its banks leaving it still pent (?) in at the Rattles. After very deep freeze are dissolved by a hasty thaw this River swells above the banks of 15 and 20 feet high and appears by the wood there past up and the wounds made in the trunks of the trees by the drift ice.


Rangers River passing the Exploits by much the largest tribute of all its streams, is judged to be an overflowing of Prospect Lake. The Situation of this Lake is taken from John Cousens who viewed it from Labour-in-vain mountain, and is probably not very erroneous as it falls in so proper a place for emptying part of its waters by this River. Viewing from the same mountain the Forbidden Ponds and the circumjacent country full of ponds and brooks he had the most flattering prospect of killing great abundance of Beaver: but was immediately after disappointed in his hopes on perceiving several smokes arising from Indian whigwhams on the shores of the Forbidden ponds, which made it necessary for him to travel into another quarter.

Thunder Brook, North arm Brook, Peter's and Chandler's Brooks together with Shoot Brook, and all the others between that and Gander Bay; as well as the several Huts within their vicinity are also drawn from Cousens's Report who has in Furr hunting traced them all. His accuracy and judgment were experienced before his descriptions were admitted into this Sketch.



Exploration and Settlement - Table of Contents Site Map Search Heritage Web Site Home