This ecoregion covers the west coast of Newfoundland, south of the Northern Peninsula
and west of the barrens of the southern Long Range Mountains and the Buchans Plateau.
It is characterized by cool summers and snowy, cold winters. The mean annual temperature
is around 4°C, with a mean summer temperature of 12°C and a mean winter
temperature of -3.5°C. The mean annual precipitation ranges from 1000 mm to 1200 mm.
Balsam fir is the dominant type of tree species. Black spruce, tamarack, and shrubs grow
in poorly drained sites. Elevations range from sea level to just over 800 m asl in the
Lewis Hills, the highest point north of Stephenville. A lowland runs from St. George's
Bay to Grand Lake. The Long Range Mountains provide protection from northeasterly winds,
resulting in the best growing conditions on the island. Typical wildlife includes black
bear, moose, caribou, red fox, marten, and lynx. Forestry, pulp and paper, farming, and
fishing are the most common land-use activities. The major communities include
Stephenville and Corner Brook.
©2002, Trevor Bell