This ecoregion can be divided into two sections. The largest section lies east and south of the
Smallwood Reservoir, and extends across the Labrador-Québec boundary. The other section stretches
across central Labrador, from the Smallwood Reservoir in the west to Postville in the east. It
can be classified as mid subarctic forest. The summers are relatively short and cool and the
winters are long and severe. The mean winter temperature is approximately -15°C, and the
mean summer temperature is around 9°C. The mean annual temperature is about -3.5°C.
The mean annual precipitation varies from 900 mm to 1000 mm.
The growing season is between 100 and 120 days. The open coniferous forests is bordered
by tundra and alpine tundra vegetation communities to the north and by typical coniferous
boreal forests to the south. Lichen-black/white spruce woodland with an understory of
feathermoss exist in open stands. The topography in this ecoregion is flat to gently rolling,
and lakes are very abundant. Drumlins and eskers are common types of landforms. Elevation
ranges from 330 m to over 500 m, with isolated rugged hills rising approximatley 150 m above
the general surface. Permafrost occurs in isolated areas, primarily in wetlands. Caribou,
moose, small mammals, waterfowl, and other birds can be found in this ecoregion. Land use
activities include hunting, trapping, fishing, and outdoor recreation.
©2002, Trevor Bell