This ecoregion covers the north shore of Newfoundland from the Northern Peninsula
to Bonavista. The ecoregion is characterized by cool summers and short, cold winters.
It has the warmest summers of the coastal areas. The mean annual temperature is around
4°C, with a mean summer temperature of 12.5°C and a mean winter temperature
of -3.5°C. This ecoregion is the driest part of the island, with a mean annual
precipitation ranging from 900 mm to 1000 mm.
Black spruce, white spruce and balsam fir, with an understory of feathermoss, are
the dominant tree species. The forest is less developed towards the coast due to
increased wind exposure. Barrens are common in along the coast. Elevations range from
sea level to approximately 150 m asl. Bedrock outcrops are common. Seabirds, especially
murre, eider and tern, take refuge in this ecoregion. Funk Island is one of North
America's most important seabird sanctuaries. Fishing, mining, and forestry are dominant
land-use activities in this ecoregion. The major communities include Twillingate,
Wesleyville, and Springdale.
©2002, Trevor Bell