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turpentine n also turkumtine*, etc. OED ~ sb (esp 1576 quot); DAE 1 a (1634-). Resin of a conifer, esp fir, used as an ingredient in pitch and for home-remedies; cp FRANKINTINE*, FRANKUM, MYRRH, STARRIGAN GREASE.
   [1583] 1940 Gilbert's Voyages & Enterprises ii, 406 [Hayes' narrative] The trees for the most in those South parts, are Firre-trees, pine and Cypresse, all yeelding Gumme and Turpentine. 1613 Willoughby Papers 1/2, 69 The turpentine that commeth from the firr and pine and frankincense of the spruce is likewise sent. 1620 WHITBOURNE 10 There are Firre and Spruce trees ... and out of these came abundance of Turpentine. 1682 COLLINS 98 And out of these Woods may be had, Pitch, Tar, Rosin, Turpentine, Frankincense. [1794] 1968 THOMAS 105 I then, with nothing on but my wet Shirt and Drawers (which stuck as close to my skin as Turpentine cloth to the Bark of the Fur Tree) clasped my hands. [c1904] 1960 BURKE (ed White) 22 "The Kelligrews Soiree": There was birch rine, tar wine, / Sherry wine and turpentine. P 65-64 Turpentine on trees is called 'mur.' Mur is put on cuts to cause a cure. T 255-66 Bread poultice, you know, an' juniper water, an' gum plasters-turkurntine [from] the bladders-fir gum. T 271-661 I've seen cuts heat up with a plaster o' turkurntine put on 'em. C 69-11 A home-remedy for a cold is a mixture of turpentine (straight from the tree), Minard's Liniment, Friar's Balsam and molasses. C 75-139 [He] took two handkerchiefs, climbed a tree and took some raw turpentine straight from the tree and applied it to my serious cut.

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