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boat n Cp OED ~ 1 b 'small sailing vessel employed in fishing, etc'; DAE n 1 (1622-) for sense 1; for synonyms at different historical periods, see BULLY1, BY-BOAT, DORY, JACK1, PUNT, RODNEY, SHALLOP, SKIFF, WESTERN BOAT. For comb in sense 3: cp Shetland Truck System p. 8 boats' crew; cp Newport [R I] History, vol. li (3), p. 45 ship roof [ = boat roof].
   1 A fishing craft of variable size, design and rig, often undecked or partly decked, used in the coastal or inshore fishery, esp for cod.
   1610 Willoughby Papers 16a/15 [inventory] small compass for the boates. 1620 WHITBOURNE 23 ... by which unfit disorders of some first arrivers there yeerely, those which arrive after them, are sometimes twenty dayes and more to provide boords and timber, to fit their boates for fishing; and other necessary roomes to salt and dry their fish on. [1663] 1963 YONGE 55-7 The next morning we came before Renoose, and ... entered the harbour and anchored, found no ship there, but divers possessors... The manner is thus: they put a man on shore at every harbour and at last, according to their turns, they take the best place they can of all their possessions. There were 4 at Renoose before us including Mr Thomas Waymouth of Dartmouth, who kept 18 boats... The complement of men to a boat are 5, that is 3 for to catch the fish, two to save it... The boat is 3 or 4 tons and will carry 1000 or 1200 cod, but these three men will row these great boats a long way. [1705] 1895 PROWSE 251 Quantitv of fish made by boats 12,000 qtls. [1766] 1971 BAN KS i 33 The English use boats almost twice as large as the French Some of them being 40 feet in the Keel they are Calld here Shallops Rigged with a main mast & fore-mast & Lugsail & furnished also with 4 oars. 1832 MCGREGOR i, 226 The boats used for the shore fishery are of different sizes; some requiring only two hands. while others have four, which is the general number. P 54-63 The word 'boat,' pronounced bwyutt, in the Bonavista-to-Catalina area did not then (c1820] mean an open fishing skiff, but always a small decked schooner, tiller-steered, about 12-20 tons, comparable to the historic Western Shore boat. 1975 BUTLER 66 He outfitted a number of fishing boats from many harbours in Placentia Bay and bought large quantities of dry codfish from boat owners.
   2 In pl, blue flag, a plant of the iris group, the ovary shaped like the hull of a boat (Iris versicolor) (1956 ROULEAU 27).
   3 Attrib, comb, cpd boat-builder: wood-louse or sow-bug, an isopod which swarms around rotting wood or under rocks (Oniscus asellus); CARPENTER.
   P 189-66 ~ Little, flat, dark [creature] found under stones and wood. C 69-11 During the night a carpenter crawled across the floor and [the boy] said, 'What are boat-builders doing out this time of year?'
   boat collar: anchor, chain and rope attached by means of a loop or bight to a buoy and used to moor a fishing craft in a harbour. See also COLLAR 1.
   1979 NEMEC 260n The 'boat collar' or 'collar' is a loop fashioned from varying sizes of rope and burlap which is secured very snugly around the bow of the boat. The collar is merely an extension above water of a mooring line which connects with a set of anchors well secured to the bottom of the Bight.
   boat crew: the complement of men in an inshore fishing craft. See also CREW 1, and 1663, 1832 quots in sense 1 above.
   [1777] 1792 CARTWRIGHT ii, 223 ... two new shallops, thirty tons burthen each, built at Trinity last ter; and were brought from thence by two boats-crews, which I sent passengers from Waterford, on board one of Mr Lester's vessels. [1794] 1968 THOMAS 170 It was common for a Boat's Crew to be Fishing all Summer for a Master who supply'd them with a few necessarys, the men letting their wages remain untill the Season was over. 1893 Trade Review Christmas No 13 The former occurred in spring, when all the boat's crews went into the woods to get rinds off spruce and fir trees, to cover their fish piles when in process of being dried on the flakes. 1975 BUTLER 62 In the spring of the year, the boat crews which were working for the merchant would commence fishing for cod.
   boat delegate: on a trawler, man elected as spokesman by the crew.
   1977 Union Forum June, p. 15 As boat delegate Les Greene of the Gulf Gerd in Burgeo puts it, the delegate has to do 'a little bit of everything,' and he is the crew's key link to both the union staff and company management... A boat delegate holds that position until he decides to step down or until someone else wants to challenge him for the job. It takes two-thirds of a crew to call for an election and replace a delegate. In any event, the delegates are re-elected annually just before the Christmas tie-up.
   boat fisherman: inshore fisherman.
   1610 Willoughby Papers 16a/3 ... provision for my selfe and boate fishermen for a voiage to the Newfoundland.
   boat fishery: cod-fishery prosecuted from small craft in inshore waters. Cp BY-BOAT FISHERY.
   [1824] 1954 INNIS 320 Thus the ship fishery has diminished to little more than a name, the result of the two systems being last year the production of 750,000 quintals of fish from the boat or island fishery while that of the ships made only 34,000 quintals. 1832 MCGREGOR i, 249 The shore, or boat fishery, to which the fishermen, particularly in Newfoundland, now confine themselves, is not, strictly speaking, a nursery for seamen.
   boat harbour: cove from which small craft prosecute the cod-fishery.
   [1822] 1928 CORMACK 103-4 We were several days storm-stayed by winds and snow, and the inefficiency of the ice to bear us across the rivulets, at a boat-harbour called the Barachois, six or seven miles east of the cape. 1951 Nfld & Lab Pilot i, 193 Between White point and the entrance to the small boat harbour of Garnish ... the shore is fronted by Garnish rocks.
   boat keeper: man who operates inshore fishing craft; BY-BOAT KEEPER. See also PLANTER 2.
   [1693] 1954 INNIS 107 By the building, fitting, victualling and repairing of fishing ships, multitudes of English tradesmen and artificers besides the owners and seamen, gain their subsistence; whereas by the boats which the planters and boat-keepers build or use at New-found-land, England gets nothing. [1767] 1826 CARTWRIGHT ii, 306 I expect much trouble, as I am informed that in many cases where the boat-keepers are already in debt, some of the merchants are resolved to pay no wages at all to their servants. [1793] 1954 INNIS 289 It is in the memory of several persons when the trade at St John's was in the hands of five or six merchants; these persons brought out sufficient supplies for the people they employed either as servants or boat-keepers to catch fish for freighting their own ships... At present the number of persons who can ftimish supplies in the town of St John's is so increased, that all monopoly is broken, and a very active competition is come in its place. [1839] 1916 Nfld Law Reports 27 The jury find that in the year 1826 the insolvents carried on business to a pretty considerable extent ... the supplies so obtained by them were applied entirely and exclusively to the supply of bankers and boat-keepers, from whom they received fish in payment.
   boat(s) kettle: metal container used for cooking on a fishing craft.
   [1819] 1915 HOWLEY 112 [inventory] 6 Boat's Kettles. 1861 DE BOILIEU 121-2 'Well,' said the man, 'if the kettle is full and the boat's-kettle is full, lend me one or other of the saucepans.' [1900 OLIVER & BURKE] 46 The tinsmiths were kept busy furnishing the cook with boats' kettles for tea and boilers to cook the celebrated 'duffs.' M 69-17 In the days of my grandfather, it was quite a common thing to have cod-fish, salt meat, and potatoes cooked while on the fishing grounds. It was all cooked in a pot called a boa's kettle, a corruption of boat's kettle. 1972 MURRAY 217 Often a tin, three-quart, 'boat's kettle' was used. (This was a high, narrow pot, with a tightly fitting cover and a hanger so the mixture might be suspended from a hook over the warm stove.) 1975 Lore and Language ii (3), p. 17 Sometimes a male member of a community will use an esoteric utterance as a manner of greeting another on the road... A passerby will say, 'What's the [price] of ya boat's kettles?'
   boat(s) master: captain of an inshore fishing craft; SKIPPER.
   [1663] 1963 YONGE 57 The complement of men to a boat are 5, that is 3 for to catch the fish, two to save it. Those 3 are the boat's master, midshipman, and foreshipman. [1771] 1792 CARTWRIGHT i, 124 I hired one of them (John Tilsed) for a boatsmaster. 1837 BLUNT 36 An able navigator, who has been 20 years employed in the fisheries, and who is a native of Newfoundland, observes, it is well understood by all the boat masters, that there is in general a strong current setting in from the eastward, along the Western Coast of Newfoundland. 1878 TOCQUE 293 ... boat-masters, or principal men, are paid about £10 as wages. 1902 Christmas Bells 14 A boatsmaster, being convicted of indolence by 'lying in his boat at anchor with his crew, several hours, whilst other boats around them were catching fish, and that at the time they did so they had bait in the boat,' was fined 'two guineas.'
   boat path: path leading to the anchorage of a fishing craft or its winter berth on shore.
   [1777] 1792 CARTWRIGHT i, 187 We tailed the trap and one slip in the boat path, for deer.
   boat roof: house-roof shaped like the hull of a small fishing craft.
   1975 MILLS 71-2 [There were] small houses built in the nineteenth century with 'boat roofs.' These roofs have no peak but are rounded from eave to eave.
   boat's room: area of foreshore appropriated for the use of fishing craft and the cure of its catch. See also ROOM.
   1711 CROWE 272 A Plantation of three boats rooms ... in Torbay. [1804] 1954 INNIS 107 In well settled harbours, the ancient custom is strictly adhered to and in case of dispute is ever the standard, forty feet front being esteemed one boat's room without limitation backward. 1846 TOCQUE 214 In 1728 regular justices of the peace were first appointed, and during this year Captain Henry Osborne, the governor, divided the island into districts, and levied a rate of a half quintal fish on all boat-rooms and boats.

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