banker n OED ~3 1 (1666-1769), DAE ~1 1
(1704-1880), DC (Nfld: 1777-) for sense 1; DAE 1 b (1861-), DC 2
(Nfld: 1907-) for sense 2.
1 A vessel engaged in
cod-fishing on the Newfoundland offshore grounds, esp the Grand Banks.
 1755 DOUGLASS i, 292 In Newfoundland they reckon ... 200
quintals to the inhabitants boat or shallop, and 500 quintals to a banker.  1792
CARTWRIGHT ii, 233 The Americans had taken his Majesty's frigate Fox and several bankers
upon the banks of Newfoundland.  1968 THOMAS 104 1 afterwards gave this Garment to
a Fisherman who went out on a Banker to Fish on the Grand Banks. 1832 MCGREGOR i, 226 The
bankers, or vessels fishing on the banks, usually anchor where they find plenty of cod,
which they catch with lines and hooks, or occasionally with jiggers. 1907 MILLAIS 150
During the summer the men [of the South Coast] fish, mostly in 'bankers,'off the coast.
 1979 Evening Telegram 10 July, p. 26 Seventeen bankers baited at Cape
Broyle yesterday and 20 more are baiting there today. 1933 Nfld Royal Commission
Report 97 The fishery is conducted from Newfoundland by schooners of up to 150 tons,
known as 'Bankers,' carrying a complement of 20-24 men and 10-12 dories. T 411-67 We call
them the bankers. We've seen as high as twenty or thirty come to get ice. We would help
them to take the ice out o' the ice-house and load the dories to be carried aboard the
bankers. 1969 HORWOOD 174 'We didn't always have this Sunday-morning look, though,' a
retired merchant confessed, 'not when we had nineteen bankers sailing out of [Grand Bank]
2 A fisherman engaged in the offshore or 'bank'
 1968 THOMAS 174 A Banker is not a little proud of
his Dog at Sea.  1916 Nfld Law Reports 27 The jury find that in the year
1826 the insolvents carried on business to a pretty considerable extent ... the supplies
so obtained by them were applied entirely and exclusively to the supply of bankers and
boat-keepers, from whom they received fish in payment. 1933 GREENLEAF xxxv On the
southeast coast live the 'Bankers,' who evidently have a store of chanteys as yet
unrecorded. 1947 TANNER ii, 753 The floaters differentiate between the so-called
Labradormen, who fish exclusively on the coast of Labrador, and Bankers, who fish chiefly
on the great fishing banks outside Newfoundland, and in the autumn make a trip to
Labrador to increase their catch. T 50/2--64 [The trawl lines are] baited in the boat and
then they're sotslapped overboard, one at a time. The bankers can do it with a
gaffflick them out as fast as time. M 68-16 When the bankers used to come to Cape
Broyle looking for bait, they would rent out the parish hall and have a dance.
3 The owner or operator of an offshore fishing vessel.
1979 NEMEC 254 Also prominent in the settlement were fishery
suppliers (merchants or their agents), the doctor, planters, telegraph operators, [and]
'bankers' (large vessel operators).