Analysing Articles

Examining Opposing Viewpoints

Interpreting Folk Songs in History

Interpreting Cartoons

Responding Personally to Historical Information

Preparing to Conduct an Interview

Listening with Discrimination

Generalizing from Historical Data

Analysing Cause and Effect

Interpreting Cartoons

Between Newfoundland's entry into confederation, feelings ran high among individuals on both sides of the issue. The confederates and anti-confederates used the media to try and convince people that their respective position was the best. Each side published a campaign newspaper, and also used the regular newspapers and the radio. Newspaper items such as articles, letters to the editor, advertisements, and cartoons were widely used.

The cartoon, "Shall We Say Grace?", appeared in The Confederate on May 20, 1948. Closely examine this cartoon and answer the questions that follow.


  1. (a) What symbols does the cartoonist use? (b) What do they mean?
  2. (a)What is the subject of the cartoon? (b)Why is the cartoonist trying to communicate this message?
  3. Do you agree with the cartoonist's message? Explain.
  4. Assume the role of a citizen living during this period. Write a letter to the editor of The Confederate and describe your position on the issue raised in the cartoon and the approach the cartoonist is using to get it across to the audience.
  5. If you were to develop a cartoon that explored this issue, what kinds of symbols and design would you use?

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