Newspaper Articles

Letters to the Editor

Songs and Poems


Burry Speeches

Confederation Debates


Outline Map

...and oh, what a battle it was!
the debate, motion and vote on Newfoundland's entry into Confederation

Text on back of album cover:

Emotions and ideas ran deep and hard during the great struggle for Newfoundland's Confederation with Canada. The first and perhaps most important part of this struggle took place during the National Convention (1946-1948).

This album presents excerpts of some of the most impassioned speeches both for and against Confederation which were heard during the convention. As the voices of the past come alive on this recording the listener will be able to conjure up something of the great vision with which earlier Fathers of Confederation must have been imbued and of the opposition they encountered.

That Newfoundland's struggle for Confederation with Canada, propelled relentlessly by Joseph R. SmaIlwood, took place late enough in History to be tape recorded and reproduced in part here should render this album a collector's item_not to be stored in a dusty cupboard, but to be played again and again by present and future generations.

George Baker
Former Chief Clerk, Editor of Hansard
and Chief Legislative Librarian of the
Newfoundland House of Assembly.

Produced by
Maher and Hurley Associates
St. John's, Newfoundland

These tracks use MP3 or Real Audio. Click on Play MP3 to listen to the audio track using MP3 or on Play Real Audio to listen to them in Real Audio.
  1. Introduction by George Baker.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (2:03)

  2. Debate on Smallwood's Motion (1946) to inquire into possibility of Union with Canada.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (3:42)

  3. Major Peter Cashin's remarks concerning attitude of Commission of Government to delegation from National Convention and Convention's Terms of Reference.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (4:07)

  4. Smallwood's motion to send delegations to London and Ottawa.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (1:00)

  5. Major Cashin's report from London delegation.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (2:52)

  6. Smallwood's tabling of report of Ottawa delegation and raising of point of privilege.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (5:00)

  7. Chairman Gordon Bradley's resignation as Convention Chairman.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (4:08)

  8. Motion to put Confederation on Ballot Paper for National Referendum (1948). (Smallwood and Higgins)
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (18:09)

  9. Vote of Motion.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (2:15)

  10. Closing by George Baker.
    Play MP3
    Play Real Audio (2:06)

Narration, text, and album cover reproduced by permission of George Baker. Original 1949 Convention tapes reproduced courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's, Newfoundland.

MP3 audio tracks added March 31, 2009

Partnered Project Heritage Web Site Project
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Site Map Search Home Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Project Site Map Search Home Glossary Top of Page