Map of Placentia, ca. 1696

Map of Placentia, ca. 1696.
When the French attacked Avalon in 1696 they took the three Kirke brothers captive and were probably hoping to ransom them. David Jr., Philip and George Kirke were imprisioned at Placentia, where two of them died. The third brother died a short time later in St. John's. This contemporary map, drawn by Baron de Lahontan (Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce) around 1696, depicts the layout of Placentia as it appeared around the end of the 17th century. Lahontan likely drew the map around 1696 based upon information which he had collected during his 1691 and 1692 visits to Placentia. The map was drawn with special reference to the English attack of 1692 and appears to be accurate in its details.
From Baron de Lahontan, New Voyages to North America (Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1905) 345. Reprinted from the 1703 English edition, includes facsimile of original 1703 map. Original housed in the National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Text information partially based upon Jean-Pierre Proulx, The military history of Placentia: a study of the French fortifications; Placentia: 1713-1811, History and Archaeology Series, vol. 26 (Ottawa, Ontario: National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Parks Canada, Environment Canada, ©1979) 98.

Legend explanation:

    A. Placentia fort.
    B. A redoubt mark'd out.
    C. The houses.
    D. The gravel upon which they dry ye Cod.
    E. A mountain cover'd with trees.
    F. An old fort in former times.
    G. The port of Placentia.
    H. Placentia road.
    I. The place where they catch ye Codfish.
    L. The basin with little water.
    M. The river where they catch Salmon.
    N. The place calld ye fountain at ye bottom of ye hill.
    O. The first anchorage of ye English fleet.
    P. The place from ye fleet carronade ye fort.
    Q. An English sloop with two English officers.
    RRRR. French ships at anchor in ye port.

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