Samuel de Champlain.
In 1608, the French explorer Champlain founded the colony of Québec. Sir David
Kirke and his brothers Louis and Thomas captured the area in 1629 on behalf of England. Four
years later, the Kirke brothers left Québec when the colony was returned to France through
diplomatic negotiations which had resulted in the Treaty of St-Germain-en-Laye.
From Henry Kirke, The first English conquest of Canada: with some account of
the earlier settlements in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, 2nd edition (London: S. Low,
Marston & Co., 1908) facing 29.