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Pipe makers' marks
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References


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Pipe makers' marks - Page 4
Seventeenth-and Eighteenth-Century Marked Clay Tobacco Pipes From Ferryland, Newfoundland

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IC Relief. Mould imparted directly above left and right sides of heel.
Stem bore size: 8/64ths
Identified as Scottish pipemaker James Colquhon (1668-1700). Refer to Sharp 1984:36.
Exact bowl and mark found in a pre-1690 context (Martin 1987:227).

IT Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 5/64ths
Dutch pipe bowl manufactured in Gouda and dating 1680-1710.
Possibly Gouda pipemaker Jacob Thoniszn (1670). See Duco 1981:326.
IT mark also in Duco 1982:84 with dates 1695/1705-1710/1715.

Crown over bunch of grapes Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 6/64ths
Fragmentary pipe bowl but the mark is Dutch and seen in pipes from Gouda dating 1680- 1710. Refer to Duco 1981:465. Exact mark found in Duco 1982:49, but no date.

3 Crowns Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 5/64ths
Fragmentary pipe bowl, but both bowl and mark appear to be late seventeenth or early eighteenth century Dutch, likely made in Gouda. Gullov and Kapel (1979:143) show the 3 crowns as the mark of Kobus Witsius (pre-1728). Duco 1982:60 dates the three crowns 1680/85-1789.

Cannon Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 6/64ths
Fragment consists of stem and heel only. Cannon mark was likely manufactured in Gouda. Duco 1982:66 dates this Gouda mark 1687-1747/1751.

IP Incuse. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
Pipe bowl fragmentary but appears to date from the late seventeenth century. Numerous IP makers from both London and Bristol from this period.

BA/RVM Incuse. Stamped on heel. Latin abbreviation of Barnstaple.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
Both pipe bowl and mark attributed to Barnstaple, Devon manufacture, likely by a group of pipemakers. The actual mark of BARVM differs and there are up to 4 different stamps identified. Pipe bowl shapes with these marks date from 1660-1740. Refer to Grant and Jemmett 1985:451.

WP Incuse. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
West Country or Bristol pipe bowl style, late 17th century.
Could be William Phillips of Bristol (app. 1674 f.1689-90) Refer to Walker 1977:1245.
Also, Barnstaple pipemaker William Price (1660's-70's) Refer to Grant and Jemmett 1985.

RT Incuse. Stamped on back of bowl facing the smoker.
Stem bore size: 6/64ths
Both pipe bowl and mark attributed to Robert Tippett II, Bristol pipemaker (1678-1713 poss. to 1720). Refer to Walker 1977:1493.

Star with pearled border Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 6/64ths
Appears to be a Dutch mark and was found at Ferryland in a late seventeenth century context. Refer to Oswald 1969:141 for a similar styled Dutch makersí mark.

PA/IH Relief. Stamped on heel.
Fragmentary pipe bowl, stem bore measurement not possible.
Pipe bowl and mark attributed to Barnstaple, Devon. Bowl form dates from 1680-1720. Could be mark of John Horwood, free in 1713. Refer to Grant and Jemmett 1985:452; 513.

©1999, Barry Gaulton
Archaeology Unit, Memorial University of Newfoundland
Photographs by Roy Ficken, Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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