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Pipe makers' marks
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References


Artifact Explorer







Pipe makers' marks - Page 3
Seventeenth-and Eighteenth-Century Marked Clay Tobacco Pipes From Ferryland, Newfoundland

Click on the thumbnail to view a larger version.

Tudor Rose Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
Popular Dutch mark though this could also be a London pipe.
Same pipe bowl form as IS monogram pipe.
Early seventeenth century Dutch and English pipes are often difficult to distinguish.
Cheminant (1981) shows an exact mark to that above, though on a smaller pipe bowl, from a London pipe dated 1620-40. Duco (1981) also displays several rose marks on Dutch pipes from the first half of the seventeenth century.

Flower/Rose Relief. Stamped on heel.
Comprised of 6 raised dots formed into a crude flower pattern.
Stem bore size: 5/64ths
Pipe bowl appears to be of Dutch origin and judging from its size, dating to 1620-40.
Duco 1981:249 illustrates the same bowl form, but of a larger size and dating 1625-60.
Same mark shown in Duco 1981:247 and attributed to Dutch manufacture.

Fleur de lys Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 8/64ths
Fragmentary pipe bowl but looks to be English (maybe London), dated around 1650- 80. The Fleur-de lys mark is common on both Dutch and English pipes but the crude manufacture of this pipe and the shape indicate that it was likely made in England.

Flower Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
No pipe bowl, just heel. Mark common on Dutch pipes throughout the seventeenth century. Mark dated by Atkinson and Oswald (1972:182) to 1630. Duco 1981:465 displays a variety of floral marks, one of which is very similar in style to the above example and dates to the period 1665-85.

Crude wheel Incuse. Eight-spoked wheel stamped on heel of fragmentary pipe bowl.
Stem bore size: 9/64ths
Bowl shape similar to Barnstaple pipe bowl dating 1640-80 Grant and Jemmett 1985:546). Stamp off centre and much smaller than size of heel. Several exact marks and bowls found during excavations of a seventeenth century planters house in Renews, and also attributed to Barnstaple manufacture (See Mills 1996:46).

TIP Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 6/64ths
Dutch pipe bowl dating 1650-70. Identified as Gouda pipemaker Thiel Jansz Proost 1652-1665. See Duco 1981:325; 1982:93.

LE Incuse. Mould imparted on the stem of pipe and stamped on back of bowl facing smoker.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
Both pipe bowl and mark identified as Bristol pipemaker Llewellin Evans (1661-86). Refer to Walker 1977:1428.

WE Incuse. Mould imparted on the stem of pipe and another example with the mark stamped on the back of the bowl facing smoker.
Stem bore size: On bowl with WE initials facing the smoker, 7/64ths; on stem with WE initials, 8/64ths.
Both pipe bowl and mark identified as William Evans, Bristol pipemaker. William Evans I (1660-82); William Evans II (1667-82). Refer to Walker 1977:1432.

EF Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
Pipe bowl similar in style to West Country pipes dated 1650-80, yet there are no makers with these initials, even from the other pipe producing centres of Bristol and London. This may be a previously unknown maker. The only other possibility is that this is a Dutch pipe bowl. Maker may be Evert Fassett, pipemaker from Amsterdam (1651).
Refer to Duco 1981:308.

Cross Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 8/64ths
Bowl similar to West Country styles. Mark may be attributed to Barnstaple or Exeter, dated 1660-90 (Refer to Pope 1986:528).

Rosemark Relief. Stamped on heel.
Stem bore size: 7/64ths
Dutch pipe bowl manufactured in Gouda and dating to 1670-90 (Duco 1981:258). Several exact marks and bowls found during excavations of a seventeenth century planters house in Renews (See Mills 1996:46).

©1999, Barry Gaulton
Archaeology Unit, Memorial University of Newfoundland
Photographs by Roy Ficken, Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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