Amateur Theatre Tradition
The roots of the amateur theatre in Newfoundland can be traced back to the 18th century. Members of
the garrison in St.John's organized dramatic entertainments to raise money for the poor, and a variety of other benevolent societies
did the same. Alongside these amateur activities, touring theatrical companies began to visit St. John's
from Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom.
Purpose built theatres appeared, with the Amateur Theatre opening its doors in 1822. Throughout the 19th century,
various notable figures and buildings emerged. Pat Hynes directed amateurs at the Fishermen's Hall in 1886.
The Total Abstinence and Benefit Society raised money through performances to pay off its theatre, the T. A. Hall.
Charles Hutton mounted musicals through the 1890's. Evidence also points to members of upper class society frequently
staging amateur theatricals in their homes. In urban areas and elsewhere, various forms of mummering and folk plays
flourished. Outside St. John's, concerts and community entertainments became dominant forms of theatrical activity.
The mix of amateurs and touring companies continued into the 20th century. But in 1937 an
amateur company was formed, the St. John's Players, and a new era in amateur theatre began. Amateur theatre companies
soon emerged across the province and in 1950, five groups - the St. John's Players, the Pepperrell Air Force Officers club,
the Amateur Players and the Cathedral Players (both from Corner Brook), and a group from Harbour Grace
competed in St. John's at the first of many drama festivals.
At the Café.
The cast of Makin' Time With the Yanks (1981-1982), poses for a
Courtesy of Centre for Newfoundland Studies Archives
(Coll-126, 7.10.004), Memorial University of Newfoundland.
An event which would colour subsequent theatrical activity in the province was the arrival in 1951 of the London
Theatre Company. For the next six years, this professional company performed in repertory to appreciative audiences in
St. John's. The impact of this company on audience development and theatre training was obvious.
Those of its members who chose to stay on in St.John's after the company disbanded formed the Arts Club in 1956.
The fifties and sixties were characterized by an explosion in amateur theatre activity, and the Dominion Drama Festival
competition became the artistic and social event of the season.
Not all amateur theatrical activity came under the umbrella of play productions. Concerts were the dominant form of
theatrical expression in some regions, often a blend of original skits, music and recitation. In 1970, in Gander, the St.
Martin's Concert started. Likewise in 1960, St. Lawrence first staged its Mardi Gras, a five-day pre-Lenten Carnival.
Different areas of the province maintained their own theatrical traditions. Some developed strong amateur plays
which competed annually at the festivals. Others created concert material, often developed for annual events.
London Theatre Company.
Leslie Yeo plays Dr. Sloper in The Heiress, 1950.
Reproduced by permission of Leslie Yeo. From Leslie Yeo,
A Thousand and One First Nights (Oakville, ON; Mosaic Press, ©
In 1967, the Arts and Culture Centre opened in St. John's and the National Dominion Drama Festival came to Newfoundland.
The mandate of this festival was the production of Canadian plays. In Newfoundland, companies turned to playwrights and
novelists who happily complied, with the adaptation by Tom Cahill of Harold Horwood's Tomorrow Will Be Sunday emerging
as the national winner.
The opening of Arts and Cultures Centres across the province promised greater production facilities for the amateur groups,
with the provision of traditional, fully equipped proscenium theatres. However, the promise of new plays and a new theatre was a little
premature. While amateur activity in the Arts and Culture Centres during the seventies and early eighties was high, musicals
began to become the dominant genre. In the eighties, the high cost of running the centres began to be passed on to users, with the
result that amateur groups increasingly turned to alternative venues.
Despite these economic factors, amateur theatrical activity emerged in the nineties as a strong theatrical force.
Newfoundland and Labrador is the only province in Canada to retain an annual
drama festival where groups from across the province meet to perform and applaud.
©2000, Denyse Lynde