Unidentified Innu woman and children, ca. 1930
The Roman Catholic Church influenced many aspects of Innu culture in the 19th and 20th centuries. Missionaries objected to the Innu shamanistic religion and were able to abolish many of its rituals, including drum dances, which they believed were connected to the devil.
Photo by Fred C. Sears. Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada (PA-148587).