19th-century drawing of Innu at an HBC post, 1863
The Newfoundland and Labrador government had little direct contact with the Innu people before the mid-20th century. Instead, government officials delegated the day-to-day administration of Labrador affairs to religious groups and commercial trading companies in the area, the most prominent of which were Christian missionaries and the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC).
Drawn by W. G. R. Hind. From Henry Youle Hind, Explorations in the Interior of the Labrador Peninsula: The Country of the Montagnais and Nasquapee Indians, Vol. 2 (London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, and Green, 1863) 100.