AFFIDAVIT OF S. K. HUTTON, M.D.
IN THE PRIVY COUNCIL.
IN THE MATTER OF THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN THE DOMINION OF CANADA AND THE COLONY OF NEWFOUNDLAND IN THE
I, SAMUEL KING HUTTON, M.D., F.R.G.S., F.A.G.S., of Poole, Dorset, England, Medical Practitioner, make Oath and say :—
1. I was Medical Officer in charge of the Moravian Mission Hospital at Okak, Labrador, from 1903 to 1908, and from 1911 to 1913, and remained there for these two periods. I am the author of a book entitled “ Among the Eskimos of Labrador,” published in 1912, dealing fully with the conditions of life among these people.
2. In the Spring of each year, a large band of Eskimos went inland from Okak at varying distances, up to 200 miles, in quest of caribou. The trip would occupy up to two or three weeks. About the same time, other bands of hunters from Nain, Hebron and Ramah (until the Station was closed in 1908) went inland for the same purpose. They all made for the deer country, from 70 to 200 miles inland, and they frequently met in this region.
3. Their purpose in proceeding inland, was to secure venison for food, skins for clothes, and sinew for the stitching of boots and garments. Apart from this main deer hunt, individual groups of Eskimos from these Settlements, went varying distances inland, at frequent intervals during the Winter and Spring, for fur trapping and deer hunting, and in the Summer, they went by boat, up the inlets and into the rivers, to catch trout in the streams and ponds. They occasionally shot bears during these trips, and brought the meat back with them.
4. From the Eskimos, I learned that this annual deer hunt had continued for generations, and that the practice was to go inland until they found the deer, however far that may be ; and if they ran short of food they suffered great privations on the return journey.
5. I clearly understood that the Eskimos regard the whole country in which they hunted as part of the jurisdiction of Newfoundland, and themselves as subjects of that Colony. I never heard any suggestion from
the Eskimos at any time while I resided there, that Canada had any claim on the territory on which the Eskimos were accustomed to hunt. During my stay on the coast, Sir Wm. MacGregor, the Governor of Newfoundland, made an official visit there. He stopped at Nain, Okak, and Hebron, and was everywhere welcomed, and regarded as the head of the Colony to which the Eskimos belonged.
Sworn at Poole, in the County of Dorset,
this 27th day of September, 1926
SAMUEL KING HUTTON.
ARCHIBALD H. YEATMAN,
A Commissioner for Oaths.