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No. 1576.

[Enclosure No. 2 in No. 1574.]



Emigration Office.
27th May 1868.

I have to acknowledge your letter of the 25th instant with one from Mr. G. W. Bristeed of Boston United States, applying for permission to search for and work Cryolite on the Northern part of Labrador, and in the Hudsons Bay Company's Territory between 56° and 60° North Latitude.
2. The Territory indicated by Mr. Bristeed is almost entirely within the territories of the Hudsons Bay Company. It would be necessary, therefore, under present circumstances that the formal authority to search for and work the mineral should be given in the name of the Company. I presume, however, that no difficulty would arise on that account. The essential question is, therefore, what conditions should be attached to the Licence and what royalty the Licensee should be required to pay.
3. We have endeavoured to ascertain whether Cryolite is known in this Country as an article of Commerce—and if so at what price it is sold. We are informed, however, in the City that it is not so known, and that no price could be named for it. It is a mineral composed of :
Soda . . . . . . . . . . 36
Alumina . . . . . . . . . . 23.5
Fluoric Acid . . . . . . . . . . 40.5

has hitherto, as Mr. Bristeed states, been found only in Greenland, and even in Denmark to which it was first imported, has not we believe been much used.
4. Under these circumstances and considering the absence of inhabitants in the Country where Mr Bristeed proposes to search for the mineral, we must of necessity depend very much on the information he may himself supply for fixing the royalty he is hereafter to pay. It appears to me that the simplest course would be to grant him in the first instance permission to search for the mineral during two years—on an undertaking on his part to report the result of his search, and to attest his report by a declaration before a magistrate. It might at the same time be promised that, if his

p. 4140

search is successful, a licence to dig mines and work the mineral over a certain extent of Country for 20 years should be granted him, on condition of payment of a royalty equal to one twentieth of the gross proceeds of his working. It is clear, however, that for the return of such proceeds it would be necessary to depend altogether on Mr. Bristeed.
5. I have proposed two years for the search and years for the duration of the License because on the Coast of Labrador and the Hudsons Bay territory between the 56th° and 60th° of latitude it would be impossible to work for much more than 4 months in the year—and practically therefore those periods are much shorter than their nominal duration. It is for this reason no doubt that Mr. Bristeed is anxious to obtain the permission he solicits as early as possible so as not to lose the only available season of the present year.

I have etc.

(sd)T. W. C. MURDOCK.


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