STATUTE OF QUEBEC, 2 GEORGE V. (1912). CAP. 7.
AN ACT RESPECTING THE EXTENSION OF THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC BY THE ANNEXATION OF UNGAVA.
[Assented to 3rd April, 1912.]
WHEREAS the act 34–35 Victoria, chapter 28, of the Parliament of the nited [sic.] Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, intituled, “ An Act respecting the establishment of Provinces in the Dominion of Canada,” enacts that the Parliament of Canada may, from time to time, with the consent of the Legislature of any Province, increase, diminish or otherwise alter the limits of such Province, upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed to by the said Legislature, and may, with the like consent, make provision respecting the effect and operation of any such increase, diminution or alteration of territory ;
Whereas the Parliament of Canada has passed an act reproduced in the schedule to this act, by which it has declared that the Province of Quebec comprises the territory therein described in addition to its present territory subject to acceptance by the Legislature of Quebec of the terms, conditions and provisions set forth in the said act ;
Whereas in the said act of the Parliament of Canada it is declared that the provisions thereof shall come into force on a day to be fixed by proclamation by the Governor-General of Canada in Council published in the Canada Gazette, but that such proclamation shall not be made until after the Legislature of Quebec shall have consented to the increase of the limits of the Province upon the terms and conditions and subject to the provisions therein stipulated ;
Whereas it is expedient to consent to the change of the limits proposed and to accept the terms, conditions and provisions to which this increase of the said limits is subject :
Therefore, His Majesty, with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec enacts as follows :—
1. The Legislature of the Province of Quebec consents that the territory described in the act of the Parliament of Canada set forth in the schedule to this act, do form part of the Province of Quebec ; the whole on the terms and conditions and subject to the provisions therein set forth, and that proclamation to that effect be made by the Governor-General of Canada in
Council, fixing the day on which this change in the boundaries of the Province shall take effect.
2. This act shall come into force on the day of its sanction.
WHEREAS on the thirteenth day of July, one thousand nine hundred and eight, the House of Commons resolved that the limits of the Province of Quebec should be increased by the extension of the boundaries of the province northwards so as to include the territory hereinafter described, as in the said resolution is more particularly set out, upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed to by the Legislature of Quebec and by the Parliament of Canada : Therefore, subject to the consent of the said Legislature, His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows :—
1. This Act may be cited as The Quebec Boundaries Extension Act, 1912.
2. The limits of the Province of Quebec are hereby increased so that the boundaries thereof shall include, in addition to the present territory of the said province, the territory bounded and described as follows :—Commencing at the point at the mouth of East Main river where it empties into James Bay, the said point being the we tern termination of the northern boundary of the Province of Quebec as established by chapter 3 of the statutes of 1898, intituled An Act respecting the north-western, northern and north-eastern boundaries of the province of Quebec ; thence northerly and easterly along the shores of Hudson bay and Hudson strait ; thence southerly, easterly and northerly along the shore of Ungava bay and the shore of the said strait ; thence easterly along the shore of the said strait to the boundary of the territory over which the Island of Newfoundland has lawful jurisdiction ; thence south-easterly along the westerly boundary of the said last mentioned territory to the middle of Bay du Rigolet or Hamilton Inlet ; thence westerly along the northern boundary of the Province of Quebec as established by the said Act to the place of commencement ; and all the land embraced by the said description shall, from and after the commencement of this Act, be added to the Province of Quebec, and shall, from and after the said commencement, form and be part of the said Province of Quebec upon the following terms and conditions and subject to the following provisions :—
(a) That the population of the territory hereby added to the Province of Quebec shall be excluded in ascertaining the population of the said province for the purposes of any readjustment of representation of the other provinces consequent upon any census ;
(b) That in the general census of the population of Canada which is required to be taken in the year one thousand nine hundred and twenty-one and in every tenth year thereafter the population of the territory hereby added to the Province of Quebec shall be distinguished from that of the said
province as heretofore constituted, and the representation of the said territory in the House of Commons shall be determined according to the rules enacted by section 51 of “ The British North America Act, 1867,” regulating the representation of the provinces other than Quebec ;
(c) That the Province of Quebec will recognize the rights of the Indian inhabitants in the territory above described to the same extent, and will obtain surrenders of such rights in the same manner, as the Government of Canada has heretofore recognized such rights and has obtained surrender thereof, and the said province shall bear and satisfy all charges and expenditure in connection with or arising out of such surrenders ;
(d) That no such surrender shall be made or obtained except with the approval of the Governor in Council ;
(e) That the trusteeship of the Indians in the said territory, and the management of any lands now or hereafter reserved for their use, shall remain in the Government of Canada subject to the control of Parliament.
3. Nothing in this act shall in any way prejudice or affect the rights or properties of the Hudson's Bay Company as contained in the conditions under which that company surrendered Ruperts Land to the Crown.
4. This Act shall come into force on a day to be fixed by proclamation of the Governor in Council published in The Canada Gazette, but such proclamation shall not be made until after the Legislature of Quebec shall have consented to the increase of the limits of the province herein provided for, and agreed to the terms, conditions and provisions aforesaid.