its geological structure of much available mineral wealth. The conventional boundary proposed has the advantage of being for five-sixths of its distance a natural boundary which needs no surveying to establish it, and it gives to the Province of Quebec not any more, and probably a good deal less territory than it would have obtained had the Commissioners appointed to define the boundary between the French and British possessions in the Northern part of the continent arrived at a decision. Moreover, it is substantially the proposition of the Province itself. The Provincial Government and Legislature originally described the territory which they thought should be included as lying south of the East Main River followed to its source, the last mentioned point to be connected with the most northerly source of the Hamilton River. At that time, if I am not very much mistaken, the sources of both rivers were assumed to be situated geographically, in relative proximity to each other—a theory which is now no longer entertained. It would take many years of exploration and the expenditure of a good deal of money to settle what are the true sources of the East Main and the Hamilton Rivers respectively, but as I read the correspondence which has passed upon the subject, the boundary line as hereinafter described will meet the views of the authorities of the Province to all intents and purposes. I therefore respectfully submit it for your consideration, and recommend that the necessary steps be taken to obtain its acceptance by the Government of Quebec and its ratification by th Parliament of Canada.
Proposed description of the North Western, Northern and North Eastern boundaries of Quebec :—
Commencing at the head of Lake Temiscamingue thence along the province of Ontario due North to the shore of the part of Hudson Bay commonly known as James Bay, and thence north-easterly, following upon the said shore to the mouth of the East Main River, and thence easterly ascending along the middle of the said river up to the confluence of the Branch thereof flowing from Patamisk Lake, and thence ascending along the middle of the said branch up to Patamisk Lake, and thence along the middle of the said Lake to the most northerly point thereof, the said point being about fifteen miles south from the Hudson's Bay Company's post on Lake Nichigun and approximately in Latitude fifty-two degrees and fifty-five minutes north, and longitude seventy degrees and forty-two minutes west of Greenwich ; thence due cast along the parallel of latitude of the said point to the intersection of the river discharging the waters of Lake Ashuanipi, which river is known under the names of Hamilton or Ashuanipi or Great Esquimaux River, and thence descending along the middle of the said river through Menihek, Marble, Astray and Dyke Lakes to the most southerly outlet of Dyke Lake, and thence long the middle of the said outlet to Birch Lake, and thence along the middle of Birch and Sandgirt Lakes to the most southerly outlet of Sandgirt Lake, and thence along the middle of the southern channel of the Hamilton River to Flour Lake, and thence along the middle of Flour Lake to its outlet, and thence along the middle of Hamilton River to the Bay du Rigolet or Hamilton Inlet, and thence easterly along the middle of the said bay or inlet
until it strikes the Westerly Boundary of the territory under the jurisdiction of Newfoundland, and thence southerly along said boundary to the point where it strikes the north shore of the Anse Sablon in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the said boundary being shown in red as far as Hamilton Inlet on the map hereto attached.
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
(Sd.) A. M. BURGESS,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
EXTRACT FROM A REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE HONOURABLE THE PRIVY COUNCIL (DOMINION), APPROVED BY HIS EXCELLENCY ON THE 2nd OCTOBER, 1895.
Ref. 389,977 on 37,906
On a Report, dated 26th July, 1895, from the Minister of the Interior, submitting that it is expedient for the convenience of settlers in the unorganized and unnamed districts of the North-West Territories1 and for postal purposes, that the whole of such Territories should be divided into provisional districts, and recommending that four such districts be established, to be named Ungava, Franklin, Mackenzie and Yukon.
The Minister further recommends that the Boundaries of such districts shall be as follows :—
1. UNGAVA.—The District of Ungava (coloured brown on the map hereto attached), of indefinite extent, to be bounded as follows :—
On the North by Hudson Strait ; on the West by the East Coast of Hudson Bay and James Bay ; on the South by the Province of Quebec ; on the East by the boundary between Canada and the Dependency of Newfoundland, on the Coast of Labrador.
And with regard to the Islands in Hudson Strait, Hudson Bay and James Bay, it is to be understood that only those islands which lie within a distance
1 The Northwestern Territory and Ruperts' Land, when made part of the Dominion of Canada in 1870, became, for purposes of Government, styled and known as “ The Northwest Territories ” (32-33 Vict. (Dom.), Cap. 3, 1869 ; 33 Vict. (Dom.), Cap. 4, 1870; R.S.C. 1906.
of three sea mile from the Coast are to be included in the District ; all outside of this limit are to be under the control of the Dominion Government.
2. FRANKLIN.—The District of Franklin (coloured pink on the map hereto attached), of indefinite extent, to be bounded as follows :—
Beginning at Cape Best, at the entrance to Hudson Strait from the Atlantic ; thence westerly through said Strait, Fox Channel, Gulf of Boothia, Franklin Strait, Ross Strait, Simpson Strait, Victoria Strait, Dease Strait, Coronation Gulf and Dolphin and Union Strait, to a point in the Arctic Sea, in Longitude about 125° 30' West, and in Latitude about 71° North ; thence northerly including Baring Land, Prince Patrick Island, and the Polynea Islands ; thence north-easterly to the “ farthest of Commander Markham's and Lieutenant Parr's sledge journey ” in 1876, in Longitude about 63½° West, and Latitude about 83¼ North ; thence southerly through Robeson Channel, Kennedy Channel, Smith Sound, Baffin Bay, and Davis Strait to the place of beginning.
To the Honourable
The Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Published in “ Canada Gazette ” of November 9th, 1895, Vol. 29, No. 19, for the fourth consecutive week.
N.B.—As this Order in Council is to be rescinded and amended by another Order, and the Map to be changed in accordance with the new Order, it is not considered necessary to lithograph the Map referred to in this Order.