DOCUMENTS RELATIVE TO CIVIL DIVISIONS OF THE PROVINCE OF LOWER CANADA (AND QUEBEC) AND TO THE PROVISIONAL DISTRICTS OF CANADA AFFECTING TERRITORY WITHIN THE LABRADOR PENINSULA, AND TO THE BOUNDARIES OF THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC.
PROCLAMATION DIVIDING THE PROVINCE OF LOWER CANADA INTO COUNTIES AND ELECTORAL DISTRICTS.1
GEORGE THE THIRD by the Grace of God, of Great Britain France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. To all Our loving Subjects whom these presents may concern. WHEREAS in pursuance of an Act of Parliament lately made and provided, passed in the Thirty first Year of Our Reign and of Authority by Us given for that purpose, Our late Province of Quebec is become divided into the two Provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, and Our Lieutenant Governor of the said Province of Lower Canada by Power from Us derived, is authorised in the absence of Our Right Trusty and Wellbeloved Guy Lord Dorchester, Captain General and Governor in Chief of Our said Province of Lower Canada to divide the said Province of Lower Canada into Districts, Counties, Circles or Towns and Townships for the purpose of effectuating the intent of the said Act of Parliament, and to declare and appoint the number of Representatives to be chosen by each to serve in the Assembly of the said Province. KNOW YE THEREFORE, that our Trusty and Wellbeloved ALURED CLARKE, Our Lieutenant Governor of Our said Province of Lower Canada, in the absence of Our said Governor in Chief, hath and by this Our Proclamation doth divide the said Province of
1 From The Quebec Gazette of Thursday, May 24, 1792.
Lower Canada into Counties, Cities, and Towns, and declare and appoint the number of the Representatives of them and each of them to be as herein after limited, named, declared and appointed, that is to say, that the first of the said Counties be all that part of the said Province on the southerly side of the River of St. Lawrence, now called the District of Gaspé, as described in Our Royal Proclamation under the Great Seal of Our late Province of Quebec, bearing date the twenty-fourth day of July in the twenty-eighth year of Our Reign.
That the nineteenth of the said Counties to be called Quebec, shall comprehend all that part of Our said Province on the northerly side of the River St. Lawrence between the easterly side of the said County of Hampshire, and a line running north north-west from the southwesterly angle of a tract of land commonly called the Seigniory of Beaupré, near the mouth of the River Montmorency, together with all the Islands in the said River St. Lawrence nearest to the said County, and in the whole or in part fronting the same, (except the Island of Orleans,) including within the said County the tract of land comprehended within the limits of the City and Town of Quebec herein after described, and that the twentieth of the said Counties to be called Northumberland, shall comprehend all the rest of Our said Province on the northerly side of the River St. Lawrence, and on the easterly side of the said County of Quebec, together with the Island of Coudre and all the other Islands in the said River St. Lawrence nearest to the said County, and in the whole or in part fronting the same, except the Island of Orleans.
AND KNOW YE ALSO that Our said Lieutenant Governor hath also declared and appointed, and doth hereby declare and appoint that the several Counties of Cornwallis, Devon, Hertford, Dorchester, Buckingham-shire, Richelieu, Surrey, Kent, Huntingdon, York, Montreal, Effingham, Leinster, Warwick, St. Maurice, Hampshire, Quebec and Northumberland, afore-mentioned, shall and may be represented in the Assembly of the said Province by two Members or Representatives to be duly chosen in and for each of the same Counties respectively ; and the Counties of Gaspé, Bedford and Orleans, by only one Member or Representative for each of the said Counties respectively ; and the Cities or Towns of Quebec and Montreal respectively, by four Members or Representatives for each of the said Cities or Towns, to wit, two for each Subdivision thereof respectively ; and the Town or Borough of Three Rivers, by two Members or Representatives for the said Town or Borough ; and the Town or Borough of William Henry, by only one Member or Representative for the said Town or Borough. Of which Our loving Subjects and all others concerned are to take due notice and govern themselves accordingly. In Testimony whereof, We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patent and the Great Seal of Our said Province of Lower Canada to be hereunto affixed. Witness our Trusty and Well beloved
Alured Clarke, Esquire, Our Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of Our said Province of Lower Canada and Major General Commanding Our Forces in North America, &c. &c. &c. At Our Castle of Saint Lewis, in the City of Quebec, this Seventh Day of May, in the Year of Our Lord One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two in the Thirty-second Year of Our Reign.
STATUTE OF LOWER CANADA, 9 GEO. IV. (1829),
ACT to make a new and more convenient subdivision of the Province into Counties, for the purpose of effecting a more equal Representation thereof in the Assembly than heretofore.
14th March 1829. Presented for His Majesty's Assent, and reserved “ for the signification of His Majesty's pleasure thereon.”
17th August, 1829. Assented to by His Majesty in His Council.
5th October, 1829. The Royal Assent signified by the Proclamation of His Excellency the Administrator of the Government.
WHEREAS the present division of this Province, for the purpose of electing Members to serve in the Assembly thereof, as made by a certain Proclamation, issued by virtue of and in conformity to the provisions of the Statute in that case made and provided, by His Excellency Alured Clarke, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, then administering the Government of this Province, bearing date at the Castle of St. Lewis, the seventh day of May, in the year one thousand, seven hundred and ninety-two, is, by reason of the great extension of the old settlements and the formation of new settlements in remote parts of the Province, become inconvenient :—And whereas the appointment of Fifty Members to serve in the Assembly, among the said divisions respectively, is, from the aforementioned causes, and the increase of the population of the Province since the date of the said Proclamation, become unequal and insufficient, for remedy thereof, and to remove as speedily and equitably as may be, the causes of the existing complaints, and
uneasiness on the subject:—Be it therefore enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and Assembly of the Province of Lower-Canada, constituted and assembled by virtue of and under the authority of an Act passed in the Parliament of Great Britain, intituled, “ An Act to repeal certain parts of an Act passed in the fourteenth year of His Majesty's Reign, intituled, 'An 'Act for making more effectual provision for the Government of the Province of 'Quebec in North America,' and for making further provision for the Government of the said Province;” And it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, that from and after the passing of this Act, this Province shall be divided into the following Counties, which Counties shall consist of, be bounded and limited as hereinafter described, that is to say :
37°. The County of Quebec shall be bounded on the north east by the south west bounds of the seigniory of Cote de Beaupré until it meets the south east boundary line of the Township of Tewkesbury, thence north easterly along the said south east boundary line to the south east angle of the said Township, thence northward along the north east boundary or lateral line of the said Township to its depth, and from thence by the prolongation of the said line on the south west by the said County of Portneuf, on the north west by the northern boundary of the Province, and on the south east by the River Saint Lawrence ; which County so bounded comprises the seigniories of Beauport, Notre Dame des Anges, Dorsainville, Lepinay, fief Saint Ignace, fief Hubert, and the seigniories of Sillery and Saint Gabriel, and the Townships of Stoneham and Tewkesbury, and the Parishes of Beauport, Charlesbourg, Saint Ambroise, Jeune Lorette, part of Ancienne Lorette and Sainte Foi, and the Parish, City and Suburbs of Quebec, and all the Parishes in the whole or in part comprehended within the above described limits of the said County.
38°. The County of Montmorency shall be bounded on the south west by the said County of Quebec, on the north east by a line to be run from Cap de l'Abatis on the River Saint Lawrence on a course north westward parallel to the said boundary line of Beauport to the northern boundary of the Province, on the north west by the said northern boundary of the Province, and on the south east by the River Saint Lawrence ; comprehending the Parishes of Saint Féréol, Saint Joachim, Sainte Anne, Château Richer and l'Ange Gardien.
39°. The County of Saguenay shall be bounded on the south west by the said County of Montmorency, on the north east by the north easterly boundary of the Province, on the south east by the River Saint Lawrence, including all the Islands in the River Saint Lawrence nearest to the said County and in whole or in part fronting the same, and on the north west by the northern boundary of the Province ; which County so bounded comprises
part of the seigniory of Beaupré, the seigniories of Gouffre, Eboulemens, Murray Bay and Mount Murray and the Township of Settrington.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that each and every County now formed, or which shall or may hereafter be formed, the population of which shall amount to one thousand rouls, shall be represented in the Provincial Parliament by one Member, and when the population of such County or Counties as aforesaid, shall amount to four thousand souls, the said County or Counties shall be represented by two Members, and when any County now formed or hereafter to be formed shall contain less than one thousand souls, the said County or Counties shall be attached to the next adjoining County in which there shall be the smallest number of souls, and the Cities, Towns or Boroughs herein after mentioned, shall respectively elect and send Representatives to serve in the House of Assembly, as follows, that is to say: the City of Quebec, four Members ; the City of Montreal, four Members; the Town or Borough of Three Rivers, two Members, and the Borough of William Henry, one Member.
III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the Places of Elections in the respective Counties of this Province, above mentioned, shall Election. be held in the several places following, that is to say :
the Election for the County of Quebec at Charlesbourg ; the Election for the County of Montmorency, at Sainte Anne; the Election for the County of Saguenay at the Bay Saint Paul, and at Murray Bay ;
Provided always, that where two Polls are authorized to be held within the same County, the Election shall commence at each of the said places alternately.