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In the evening I crossed over to Wood Island, and went to Messrs. Le Boutillier & Brothers' establishment, and requested the agent to pay the duty on the goods I noticed in their store, all of which appeared to be foreign merchandize. He said that being under the impression that the whole of Wood Island belonged to Newfoundland, in as much as a Custom-house officer of that island had called two years before to collect the Customs duties, he could not accede to my request, until I gave him positive proof that the island formed part of the territory of Canada. For my part, I did not think it proper to act with severity and seize the goods before receiving further instructions from the Commissioner of Customs.


Having landed the supplies for the Light houses at Forteau and Belleisle, I resumed my duties on the 29th in the afternoon in Blancs Sablons Bay, where I visited all the fishing establishments. The house of Le Boutillier and Brothers had 36 boats there, engaged in the cod-fishery ; Dequitteville on Wood Island, and Captain Hulin, 20 boats. On the mainland, the house of Dequitteville employed 54 boats ; Fruing and Co., 24 ; Lavallée, 2 ; and different outfitters of Long Point, 12. In these establishments, not less than 800 men are employed, including fishermen and salters ; besides these there were 40 schooners, chiefly from Nova Scotia, at anchor in the Bay, and engaged in cod-fishing.



[13] On the 21st I continued my journey in the boat, and went to the River Metagamu, where La Canadienne came to pick me up ; we then touched at Little Mecatina and at Whale's Head, and in the evening, the wind being very favourable, we continued our voyage, coming to an anchor the next morning at l'Anse aux Blancs Sablons.
The duties of my office and those imposed upon me by the taking of the census, detained me up to the 29th in l'Anse aux Blancs Sablons and in Bradore Bay.
As in the preceding years, I visited all the posts, and tried to collect useful information respecting the fisheries.
There never had been seen a greater quantity of cod than this year in

24 Annual Report of Pierre Fortin. Session of 1860. Sessional Paper, No. 15.
25 Annual Reports of Pierre Fortin. Seasons of 1861 and 1862. Printed by Order of the Legislative Assembly, Quebec, 1863, pp. 13-30.

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that part of the Strait of Belle Isle. Summer fishing had begun on the 20th June, and closed on the 28th July ; and, consequently, had lasted 44 days. But out of those 44 days, on account of the bad weather, our fishermen could fish but 34, and I may give an idea of the enormous quantity of cod caught in the neighbourhood of l'Anse aux Blancs Sablons, either by our own fishermen or by those of the Nova Scotia schooners, by stating that 33 boats employed at l'Isle à Bois by Messrs. Le Boutillier & Bros., during that time caught 408,257 cod.
Comparative statement of the population of the North Shore of the River and Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1852 and 1861 :—
Population from l'Anse aux Blancs Sablon to
Coacoachoo in 1861..   ..   ..   ..   ..   804
Do.        in 1852..   ..   ..   ..   ..   648
Increase..   ..   ..   156
Population from Coacoachoo to Portneuf, in 1861
        .. 3,609
Do. do. in 1852
         ..  760
Increase..   ..   ..  2,849
Total population of North Shore, in 1861
        .. 4,413
Do. do. in 1852
        .. 1,408
Total increase..   ..   3,005


[44] On the afternoon of the 26th June, we again set off for Forteau, and this time again the ice prevented us from reaching that place ; we were obliged to anchor under the lee of Wood Island. But the same evening the ice, brought down by the sea, compelled us to get away from the land for the night ; I had been able, however, to land on Wood Island for an hour and visit Mr. Alfred LeBoutillier, the agent at the largest fishing station on that island.
[45] In the evening we returned for anchorage to Anse à l'Eau, and on the morning of the 2nd July, we reached Anse aux Blancs Sablons.

26 Annual Reports of Pierre Fortin. Seasons of 1861 and 1662. Printed by Order of the Legislative Assembly, Quebec, 1863, pp. 44-46, 61, 74-76.

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[46] In the Blancs Sablons harbor, there were six brigantines and eight schooners engaged in the codfishery. I went over the fishing establishments A Blancs Sablons, Wood Island and Long Point, and found everything in good order at those places.
There were in Anse aux Blancs Sablons and in Bradore Bay about the same number of fishermen as last year.
At 10.30 a.m , as my presence was no longer necessary at Anse aux Blancs Sablons, we left for St. Augustin, where we arrived in the afternoon.
At the end of this report may be seen. in the table of fishing vessels, the produce of cod fishery at Blancs Sablons and at all the other fishing posts on the North Shore. [47-61]
The English Government every year sends one or two frigates or corvettes to protect the coast of Labrador fisheries, which belong to Newfoundland, as well in the Straits of Belle Isle as on the Atlantic shore, as far as the establishments of the Hudson's Bay Company ; it is seldom, however, that they visit the shores of Canada, and when they do, they rarely come further than Anse aux Blancs Sablons or Bradore Bay. The latter place had been visited by the usual number (from 200 to 250) of schooners from Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island, but a smaller number than usual ,of American schooners had been observed.
With the exception of a difficulty between two persons at Anse aux Blancs Sablons, which I disposed of, the public peace had not been disturbed in those parts. [62-76]

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[29] On the 5th I visited the fishing establishments of Messrs. Le Boutillier Bros., on Isle à Bois, and those of Fruing & Co., at the foot of the bay, where I was surprised to learn that on the 20th July last, two armed schooners, employed by the Customs of Newfoundland for the protection of the fisheries on the coast of Labrador, which is under the jurisdiction of this province, had anchored at Blanc Sablon. Justice Benjamin Sutherland was on board one of these schooners, and Mr. J. Winter, Collector of Customs, on the other.
The last-named gentleman went to the above establishments, and notwithstanding the refusal of the agents, in the first instance (by reason of these establishments having to this date being recognized as being on Canadian territory), he succeeded to collect custom duties on the goods then in store :—£178 4s. 8d. stg., at Mr. Le Boutillier Bros.' establishment, and t62 Os. 3d. stg., at that of Mr. Fruing & Co.
I was, moreover, informed that dues had been collected on empty barrels, intended to be filled with fish, and on salt on board the “ Canadian ” and other provincial schooners, anchored in Blancs Sablons bay. In my quality of customs' officer for these shores, I have reported to the Commissioner of Customs, for the information of His Excellency the Governor General, all the circumstances relating to the acts of an officer of the government of Newfoundland at places which, according to a diagram furnished to Inc by the Board of [30] Public Works, through the honorable the Provincial Secretary of the province, are entirely inside of our Custom boundary.
We found 118 schooners in Blancs Sablons bay and at Green Island, engaged in the herring fishery, which was abundant, although the fish were generally small. Codfishing had not been good in the above places and had begun very late.
Mr. Le Boutillier of Isle à Bois, laid a complaint before me to the effect that about twenty of his men were refusing to continue codfishing as they had agreed with him, under the pretence that the fishing was not good enough. Having met them, I explained to them all the obligation under which they were to fulfil the terms of their engagement, under the penalty of a fine. Mr. Le Boutillier told them that he would not detain them more than five days if the fishing did not improve ; upon this, they put all their boats to sea and went on with their work, to the great satisfaction of the head of the establishment [31-54].

27 Fisheries Appendices, from the Annual Report for 1863, of the Commissioner of Crown Lands for 1863. Quebec, 1864, pp. 29-31, 54.


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