p. 3972
C


No. 1490.

DEPOSITION OF ANTOINE TALBOT, 5 JANUARY AND 24 JANUARY, 1849.

See Counter-Case, Canada.



No. 1491.
C

EXTRACTS FROM ANNUAL REPORTS OF PIERRE FORTIN, STIPENDIARY MAGISTRATE, COMMANDING THE FORCES CHARGED WITH THE PROTECTION OF THE FISHERIES IN THE GULF OF ST. LAWRENCE, 1852-1867.


1852.18

CRUISE OF THE COASTGUARD SCHOONER Alliance.
****
On the 13th [July] we cast anchor in Blancs Sablons Bay.
I devoted ten days to visiting the ports on Blancs Sablons Bay, and the Bay of Brador, 5 miles distant to the west.
****
On the 18th [September] we came to an anchor in Blancs Sablons Bay, having touched at Bonne Espérance.
All the schooners had left the bay to fish further to the eastward.
****
On the 4th October we cast anchor, for the third time, in Blancs Sablons Bay.
On the 8th we weighed anchor, and touching at several ports on the coast, made sail for Quebec, where we arrived on the 22nd October, 1852,
****

18 Report of Pierre Fortin for 1852.. Appendix I.I.I.I. to the Journals of the Legislative Assembly. Session, 1853.

p. 3973

COAST OF LABRADOR.

What is generally designated in Canada as the Coast of Labrador comprises the King's Posts, the Seignory of the Mainland of Mingan, and that part of the coast which extends from the eastern limits of that Seigniory to Blanc Sablons Bay, the eastern boundary of the Province of Canada. This bay is about 300 leagues from Quebec.
****
That part of the Coast which extends from the River Gagnish to Blancs Sablons Bay is most important. It is on the numerous Isles and Islets in the neighbourhood of this Coast, that the greater part of the fishing establishments for the stationery Seal fishery are situated.
****

A STATEMENT OF THE SETTLEMENTS ON THE COAST OF LABRADOR, SHEWING THE SITUATION, THE OCCUPANT AND THE REVENUE,
&C. OF EACH.


POT POINT (POINTE AU PÔT).

Spring Seal-Fishery, established by Martin Parent, in 1817.
Produce of the fishery, 300 Seals.
Population, 4 men, 1 woman, 2 children.


BLANCS SABLONS BAY.

Establishment for Cod fishing, belonging to Thomas Lavallee.
Produce of the fishery, 100 quintals of Cod.
Population, 4 men, 1 woman, 2 children.


BOTTOM OF BLANCS SABLONS BAY.

Establishment of Philippe Lebrocq, for Cod fishing.
Produce of the fishery, 1700 quintals of Cod.
16 barrels of Oil.
100 barrels of Herring.
Philippe Lebrocq employs 60 men, and owns two brigantines and 16 fishing barks.

p. 3974

WEST POINT OF WOOD ISLAND.

Establishment of David LeBouthillier, Brother & Co.
Produce of the fishery, 1700 quintals of Cod.
16 barrels of Oil.
They employ 69 men, own a brigantine of 180 tons, and 17 fishing barks.
They have caught 127 Seals.

TOTAL POPULATION OF THE WHOLE COAST.

Men, 364.—Women, 62.—Children, 222.



1855.19

As the season was now far advanced, it was impossible for me to visit all the fishing stations on the coast of Labrador ; the fogs, which are very frequent on these coast, often prevent us from making the land. I nevertheless reached L'Anse aux Blancs Sablons and visited all the fishing stations belonging to Canada on that part of the coast.



1856.20

In the afternoon I visited Bradore Bay and in the evening went on to Blancs Sablons Bay, where La Canadienne came to anchor. The curing of the herring was going on, on all sides. The fish had been taken in great quantities in both these Bays. At the establishment of Mr. De Quetteville they were preparing to ship to Jersey 1000 barrels of this excellent fish, so well known as the Labrador herring. Messrs. Le Boutilliers and brothers had 500 barrels at Wood Island. About 1,200 barrels had been taken by the inhabitants of the coast, and the fishermen from the Magdalen Islands and the Lower Provinces had carried away more than 5,000 barrels.
****
The Government of Newfoundland sent an officer this year to Labrador, to collect, upon all goods and produce imported into that part of the coast which is within their jurisdiction, the same duties which are paid on their admission into the Island of Newfoundland.
I had not the pleasure of meeting that officer, but I know that he applied to several proprietors and agents of establishments situated near our frontier, at Blancs Sablons Bay, and that on their refusal to pay the duties,

19 Report of Pierre Fortin for 1855. Appendix 25 to the Journals of the Legislative Assembly. Session, 1856.
20 Report of P. Fortin for 1856. Appendix 23 to the Journals of the Legislative Assembly. Session, 1857.

p. 3975

he delivered to them a copy of the tariff of Newfoundland and other papers relating to his mission, with an intimation that next year the Government of Newfoundland would, in his opinion, send to Labrador, with the officer of customs, an armed force sufficient to enable him to seize all goods on which the duties should be refused to be paid.
In the afternoon of the 7th we left Blancs Sablons Bay.



1857.21
The house of Le Boutillier and Brothers own an establishment on the island of Bonaventure, opposite Percé, and others at Wood Island and Forteau, in the Straits of Belleisle. The last named is not in Canada. The business done by these two houses is considerable, amounting probably to $200,000 ; that of Le Boutillier and Brothers to $150,000. The men in their employ are numbered by hundreds. Each establishment is composed of half a score large buildings, timber built, and in good order, serving to store goods, cordage, fishing tackle, provisions and cured fish, the last mentioned article awaiting shipment to a foreign market.
****
Canada extends on the Straits of Belleisle as far as Anse aux Blancs Sablons, at the head of which is the river which marks the line of separation between the part of Labrador belonging to Canada and that part which is under the jurisdiction of Newfoundland.
****
Anse aux Blancs Sablons is situated in 51° 25' north latitude, and in 57° 10' longitude west of Greenwich. It is about a mile in depth by a mile and three quarters wide.
Wood Island, on which are situated three considerable cod fishing establishments, and Green Island, at present uninhabited, but near which there are excellent fishing grounds, shelter it from the south east wind, while the mainland protects it from those from the east, north and north east winds.
****


L'ANSE AUX BLANCS SABLONS.

POINT AU POT.

Mr. Martin Parent is owner at this place of a stationary seal fishery, which yields him, annually, from 160 to 300 seals, besides 25 barrels of herring.
Mr. Thomas Lavallée is owner of a cod fishing station, which yields 250 quintals of cod and 100 barrels of herring.

21 Report of P. Fortin for 1857. Appendix 31 to the Journals of the Legislative Assembly. Session, 1858.

p. 3976

FOND DE L'ANSE.

Mr. Phillip LeBrocq is owner of a cod fishery here in which he employs fourteen fishing boats and forty-five men.
The average yield is 1,750 quintals of cod, 4 tons of oil and 350 barrels of herring.
Mr. LeBrocq owns a barque of 200 tons burthen in which he sends his fish to the European Market.


WOOD ISLAND.

Messrs. Le Boutillier and Brothers own a flourishing fishing establishment here, which gives occupation to seventy men and nineteen boats.
Yield of the fishery, 2,400 quintals of cod.
24 barrels of oil.
250 barrels of herring.
South of Wood Island is a stationary seal fishery belonging to Messrs. Le Boutillier which brings them in from 150 to 200 seals annually.
Total population of the north coast from Godbout River to Anse aux Blancs Sablons, 1,225.
****



1858.22

On the 5th, I visited the fishing establishment of l'Anse des Dunes at Long Point, of the Little Harbour, at White Sand Bay and Wood Island....
At La Pointe aux Pots the fishing was also successful. At the old establishment of Lebrocq, now belonging to Fenning and Co., fourteen boats were employed, and at the estai lishment of Le Boutillier and Brothers, at Wood Island, nineteen boats.


1859.23

[47] We left in the afternoon and arrived in Blancs Sablons Cove at 10 o'clock p.m.
On the 23rd, I visited Fruing & Co.'s establishment—Mr. Fall, the agent, paid me the duties on the goods in their store. I next settled a difficulty between two fishermen residing at the bay, respecting the possession of a piece of land, and then proceeded to Little Harbor where I visited the vessels lying there, and the fishing establishments. Tranquility prevailed everywhere.

22 Annual Report of Pierre Fortin. Season of 1858. Printed by Order of the Legislative Assembly, Toronto, 1859.
23 Annual Reports of the Superintendants of Fisheries for Upper and Lower Canada . . . also that of Pierre Fortin for 1859. Quebec, 1860, p. 47.

[1927lab]



Partnered Projects Government and Politics - Table of Contents Site Map Search Heritage Web Site Home