rushes with a velocity varying from four to seven miles an hour, and in a number of places heavy rapids occur, which, with whirlpools and eddies, render the passage of small boats dangerous when the current is at its strongest. Above the narrows, there is no perceptible current, except that caused by winds.
EXTRACT FROM STANFORD'S COMPENDIUM OF GEOGRAPHY AND TRAVEL.
Vol. I. Canada and Newfoundland. By Samuel Edward Dawson
(Litt. D. Laval), F.R.S.C.
Sandwich Bay is one of the more important inlets. It is 25 miles long and 6 miles wide. It contains several good harbours, and here, at a place which still bears his name, the adventurous Major Cartwright established his trading post at the end of the last century. The most important, however, is Hamilton Inlet. This extends 35 miles inland where it narrows to one-third of a mile, and then expands into Lake Melville, 18 miles wide, and reaching 90 miles farther inland to where the Grand or Hamilton river discharges its waters. The whole distance from the headland at the mouth of the inlet to the Hamilton river is 150 miles, and the average width is 14 miles. At the narrows is Rigolet, the chief post of the Hudson's Bay Company in the district. The country round is bold and rocky especially on the south shore where the Mealy mountains rise abruptly 800 to 1200 feet from the waters of the inlet.
EXTRACT FROM LIPPINCOTT'S “ A COMPLETE PRONOUNCING GAZETTEER OR GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF THE WORLD.” EDITED BY ANGELO AND LOUIS HEILPRIN.
Labrador.—“ That portion belonging to Newfoundland is that which is drained by rivers flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. . . . The coast is deeply indented with fiords, the largest on the Atlantic side being Hamilton Inlet.”
EXTRACT FROM “ AMONG THE DEEP SEA FISHERS.” DR. HENRY L. PADDON. BY ON WHO KNOWS HIM.
Winter at North West River.—Far up at the head of Hamilton Inlet, over one hundred miles from the open sea, lies the little winter settlement of North West River, with its population of trappers, its rival fur and trading posts and its magnificent hospital. Round this last centres the whole life of the settlement as indeed that of the entire head of the bay.