p. 3770
C


SECTION IV.

DOCUMENTS RELATIVE TO THE GEOGRAPHICAL EXTENT OF CANADA AND OF TERRA LABRADOR.

No. 1432.

EXTRACT FROM: ACT FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COMPANY OF THE HUNDRED ASSOCIATES FOR THE TRADE OF CANADA, CONTAINING THE ARTICLES GRANTED TO THE SAID COMPANY BY THE CARDINAL DE RICHELIEU, THE 27TH APRIL, 1627.1


IV.—And for the purpose of repaying to the said company the heavy expenses and advances necessary to be made by the said company, for the purposes of the settlement of the said colony and the support and preservation of the same, His Majesty will grant to the said associates, their heirs and assigns forever, in full property, with right of seigniory, the fort and settlement of Quebec, with all the country of New-France called Canada, all along the coast, from Florida, which the predecessors of His Majesty have caused to be settled, ranging from the sea shore as far as the Arctic circle for latitude, and in longitude from the Island of Newfoundland, towards the west, as far as the Great Lake called fresh water sea and beyond, together with the lands within, and along the rivers which pass therein and discharge themselves in the river called Saint Lawrence, otherwise called the Great River of Canada, and in all other rivers which carry them towards the sea, together also with the lands, mines and minerals, the said mines nevertheless to be used in compliance with the terms of the ordinance, ports, harbours, rivers, ponds, islets and islands, and generally all that extent of the said country, in length and in breadth, and beyond as far as it will be possible to extend and to make known the name of His Majesty,—His Majesty merely reserving the right of Fealty and Homage, which shall be rendered to him and to his royal successors by the said associates or by one of them, with a gold crown weighing eight marks, upon each mutation of the crown, and the appointment of the officers of the royal court, who shall be named and presented by the said associates, when it shall be deemed proper to establish such court : with permission to the said associates to cast cannon, balls, to make weapons offensive and defensive of every description, make gun-powder, erect and fortify fortresses, and generally do in the said country everything which may be necessary, either for the safety of the said country, or for the preservation of its commerce.

1 Edicts, Ordinances, Declarations and Decrees relative to Seigniorial Tenure, Québec, 1852.

[1927lab]


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