p. 2830

No. 1139.



Nascapee (a term of reproach applied by the Montagnais). The most north-easterly of the Algonquian tribes, occupying the elevated interior of Quebec and Labrador penin. n. of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and extending from the vicinity of L. Mistassini to Ungava bay on the n. They call themselves Namenot, 'true, real men.' Many of them have inter-married with their congeners the Montagnais, and when they visit the coast the two tribes frequent the same stations. When in the neighbourhood of Ungava bay they are known as Ungava Indians. . . . .
The dwellings, for both winter and summer, are tents or tipis of reindeer skins sewed together, and measuring 10 to 18 ft. at the base and 10 to 14 ft. high. The floor is carpeted with young spruce branches, except around the central fireplace ; the smoke escapes through an opening in the top of the tipi where the supporting poles are brought together. . . . .
Transportation and travelling are conducted by means of canoes made of slats or ribs covered with birchbark, sleds or toboggans (tá-bas-kan), and snowshoes of four styles framed with wood and netted...
On account of their wandering habits, the nature of their country, and their mixture with the Montagnais, it is impossible to give an exact statement of their numbers. In 1858 they were estimated at about 2,500. In 1884 the Naskapee of the Lower St. Lawrence were officially reported to number 2,860, and the Indians of Labrador and e. Ruperts Land were returned as 5,016. In 1906 there were 2,183 Montagnais and Nascapee officially noted as such, and 2,741 unnamed Indians in the interior, 1,253 of whom were in the unorganized territories of Chicoutimi and Saguenay. See Montagnais, Nitchequon..


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