LETTER FROM GEO. GOSCHEN TO THE HON. R. W. SCOTT.
HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY'S HEAD OFFICE RECORDS.
Hudson's Bay House, London,
12th Dec., 1876.
I enclose a Map No. 1 showing the territories claimed by the Company in virtue of the charter granted to them by King Charles the Second. The map in question was prepared by Mr. John Arrowsmith, and was ordered by the House of Commons to be printed 31st July and 11th August 1857.
I also enclose a statement, No. 2, prepared for the Company in 1867 with reference to the Parliamentary enquiry which took place in that year. The boundaries were then asserted to be, on the side of the United States by the 49th parallel of latitude ; on the side of Canada by the height of land whose waters flow into Hudson's Bay ; and on the North by the Arctic Ocean.
At the time of the passing of the Quebec Act 1774 the Company had not extended their posts and operations far from the shore of Hudson's Bay. Journals .of the following trading stations have been preserved bearing that date namely Albany, Henley, Moose, Eastmain, York, Severn, and Churchill.
These Journals give no information upon the subject of the boundaries between Canada and the Territory of the Company. Nor was the question raised in 1748, when the House of Lords held an enquiry with reference to the Company's affairs as at that time conducted. A map, No. 3, no doubt prepared for that occasion, and sent herewith, shows the extent of country to which their operations were then confined.
At a subsequent period, namely in 1777, a Map was published in London by John Andrews, giving the height of land near Abitibi and other quarters, and showing certain boundaries for the province of Upper Canada.
I am to request that the maps and documents accompanying this letter be returned to the Company when the enquiry to which you refer has been completed.
I shall be glad if you find them useful for the purpose of defining the boundary line between the Dominion and Ontario.
I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
(Sgd.)GEORGE J. GOSCHEN.
(Letter-book 732, p. 165-6.)