PRINCE EDWARD (FORMERLY ST. JOHN) ISLAND.
INSTRUCTIONS, LORDS OF TRADE TO MONTAGU WILMOT, GOVERNOR OF NOVA SCOTIA,
re ST. JOHN (PRINCE EDWARD) AND CAPE BRETON ISLANDS,
22 NOVEMBER, 1763.
B.T.N.S., VOL. 37, p. 248.
To Montagu Wilmot Esqr., Governor of Nova Scotia.
We have received your Letter to us of the 27th of September acquainting us with your arrival at Halifax, and with your having taken upon you the administration of Government as Lieutenant Governor and we are now to congratulate you, upon His Majesty's having appointed you to be His governor in Chief, and to acquaint you that your Commission and Instructions are preparing with all possible dispatch.
We cannot close this letter without mentioning the Islands of St John and Cape Breton which being annexed to the Government of Nova Scotia are now become pressing objects of your Particular care and attention ; Their advantageous Situation in respect to the Fishery renders them of the greatest Importance to this Country and no measures should be left untryed that may tend to promote and encourage the carrying on this Fishery to the utmost extent it is capable of. We must desire therefore that you will forthwith cause an actuall survey to be made of these Islands, reporting to us in the mean time every circumstance you can collect which may furnish us with any Information of the true State of them in respect to their Extent, the nature of the soil the Rivers and Harbours in each of them, and their particular productions and advantages, with your opinion in the fullest manner, not only what Establishment may be necessary for effectually uniting them to the Government of Nova Scotia, but also what plan of Settlement will be the most elegible & advantageous with respect to their situation in general and the advancement and convenience of the Fishery in particular, and until this is done, and you shall have received particular orders from home, you are upon no account to make grants in these Islands to any particular persons whatever ; but as much as possible to encourage and protect all
temporary Establishmts for carrying on the Fishery, taking care that such Establishments, in respect to extent of Coast, are within the bounds of moderation ; and to discourage every attempt that may in its nature and consequence operate as a monopoly, or as a means of establishing any undue preference whatever.
Your Most obedient