p. 1990 C
EXTRACT FROM STANFORD'S “ COMPENDIUM OF GEOGRAPHY, NORTH AMERICA,” VOL. I.
BY S. E. DAWSON, LITT.D., F.R.S.C. (LONDON, 1897), p. 680.
The prosperity of the colony has always been so bound up with the cod fishery that in the language of Newfoundland the word “fish” means only cod. There are indeed “salmon” and “herring” and “haddock,” but the cod are always called “fish.” Upon the early maps, which are Portuguese, Spanish, or Italian, the country is called “baccalaos,” the general name for codfish in the languages of Southern Europe.
No. 819. C
EXTRACT FROM “ VIKINGS OF TO-DAY,”
BY DR. WILFRED T. GRENFELL (LONDON, 1895), p. 76.
“ Cod alone is fish in Labrador diction. Cod is the coin of the realm. Money is scarcely known, and no other medium of exchange is used by the people whose raison d'etre almost is cod. All live on goods advanced on credit, to be paid for by their catch of cod. This truck system is the next of kin to the old feudal system, and has long been extinct in most civilized countries.”