p. 1949

Government, for having on my inspection of the different localities of the Island received various complaints as to the effect of the Judicatory Act upon them—and being anxious to learn with precision the view they severally took of its advantages, or defects, to enable me to come to a more correct conclusion as to the remedy to be applied in passing a new one—I directed in the course of the Autumn, circular letters to be addressed to the principal people in each settlement, calling upon them for the information required. It so happened that about the same time the people here held the meeting which led to the Petition—a copy of which your Lordship has transmitted to me—and those most anxious in its fate gave out that the object of my Circulars was to defeat their plans, and urged the distant parts to reply in the manner before alluded to ; but notwithstanding such influence, out of Seventeen places to which these letters were addressed, only five alluded to a Legislature.
         After a very long and dispassionate consideration of the question your Lordship has submitted to me Whether I look to the nature of the Society of which the Colony is composed—their several interests—their Intelligence and local wants—or turn to the topography of the Island, its Climate, Cultivation or internal Communication ; I confess he concluded I cannot discern any of those elements essential to the composition and conduct of a local Government—I readily admit that St. John's, although a very large portion of its principal Inhabitants are by no means permanently interested in its welfare, is capable of managing its own concerns ; and that a Corporation, if desired, might under proper restrictions be given them—anything beyond this I consider at present wholly impracticable ; nor can I understand under what Plea they can wish to control the general mass of the people dwelling in those distant parts, from whom for a large portion of the year they are excluded to a much greater degree than from Great Britain. I have no reason to believe that those people wish for that description of Government, nor do I consider they are in any manner capable of forming an opinion on the subject. If the happiness of the people of St. John's were alone involved in the decision His Majesty's Government may come to on the prayer of their petition, I might have been disposed to allow them to bear the responsibility and the risk of a measure of their own seeking, but it is impossible to deal with the great mass of the people in the same manner—they are in all respects, other than in their own calling, only Children of a larger growth, of whom, I consider His Majesty's Government to be the natural Guardian and Protector and in whose keeping must for many years be their interest and prosperity.
        In coming to the conclusion I have done upon a measure of vast Importance to the Colony, and a wrong decision on which might involve it in years of misfortune, I can assure your Lordship I have had no other object before me but the prosperity and happiness of a people in whose welfare I take a very lively interest. It is a source of great pain to me to feel that my opinions must conflict with the wishes of some very respectable persons—every inducement operates as far as I am personally concerned to lead me to accede to their views—and to oppose them, I am fully aware, puts to hazard my popularity



p. 1950


and the good feeling that has subsisted between the Colonists and myself since my first arrival among them—but I should consider myself unworthy the Confidence His Majesty's Government may be disposed to place in me, did I permit any personal feeling to influence me, where the peace and happiness of so large a Population is at stake—and it is consolatory to me to know that as with my opinions you will receive the ground on which they are formed, your Lordship will not invest them with more importance than what they may really deserve.
        As the most conscientious person is liable to be warped in the view he takes of any measure by his general feeling on similar subjects—and your Lordship may doubt how far such may influence my opinions on the present occasion ; it is but right to add, before closing the observations I have the honour to submit to your Lordship, that they are decidedly in favour of the establishment of a legislative Government in every Colony where existing Circumstances are not opposed to it—I have visited the greater part of His Majesty's foreign possessions, and however the detail of the Institutions in many of them, may be objectionable, I am persuaded the Mother Country, even if inclined to assume the Burthen, could never as efficiently administer to their wants and regulate their internal Economy as they can themselves and I should be one of the first to encourage similar Institutions here whenever the situation of the Country became such that any practical good result from them—I would apologise to your Lordship for trespassing so much on your attention did I not feel persuaded the importance of the subject, and my anxiety that every opinion expressed, shall have a corresponding reason to support it—will offer a sufficient excuse.
        I have endeavoured to advert to those points on which it is probable Your Lordship may wish for Information—at the same time I am aware many may remain on which if circumstances had admitted of a personal interview your Lordship might have desired further explanations, and it would have afforded me much satisfaction could I in the present instance anticipate them.

                             I have the honour to be, My Lord,
                                        Your Lordship's most obedient
                                                   humble servant,

                                                           THOS. COCHRANE.



p. 1951



No. 793.

[Enclosure in No. 792.]




POPULATION OF THE ISLAND OF NEWFOUNDLAND WITH THE DISTANCE      FROM ST. JOHN'S IN MILES. COASTWAYS OF EACH SETTLEMENT AND      TO WHICH, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF PORTUGAL COVE, THERE IS NO     ROAD. TAKEN FROM THE RETURNS IN THE YEAR 1827-8.



——
No. of
Inhabitants.
a




About miles
distance from
St. John's
District of St. John's
 
 
 
   St. John's & Quidi Vidi
11903
 
   Torbay & Flat Rock, North
741
15
   Pouch Cove and Bisken Cove
237
 
   Portugal Cove & S. Shore
1188
10 to 18
   Bell Isle & Lance Cove
553
15
   Petty Harbour, South
543
  9
   
District of Bay Bulls, South.      
   Bay of Bulls
443
20
   Witless Bay
355
 
   Mobile
192
 
   Toads Cove
62
25 to 36
   Baleen
39
 
   Burn Cove
39
 
   Caplin Cove
19
 
   
District of Ferryland, South.      
   Ferryland
520
 
   Renewse
450
 
   Fermeuse
392
 
   Caplin Bay
179
 
   Cape Broyle
181
 
   Aquafort
94
36 to 110
   Brigus
160
 
   
District of Trepassey & St. Mary's, South.      
   St. Mary's & Vicinity
610
 
   Trepassey & Briskey Bay
237
 


p. 1952


——
a
a
No. of
Inhabitants.















About miles
distance from
St. John's
Placentia, S.
 
 
 
   Great Placentia & Vicinity
584
 
   Little Placentia
869
 
   Paradise
191
 
   Presque, Olivers Cove, &c.
240
 
   Merasheen
184
 
   Isle Valen, Burgeo, &c.
247
 
   Western Cove & Barren Island
184
140 to 190
   Woody & Sound Islands
198
 
   North Harbour & White Isle
105
 
  
Burin S.      
   Burin
928
 
   Mortier
639
 
   St. Lawrence
553
 
   
 
190 to 250
Fortune Bay S.      
   Fortune
191
 
   Grand Bank
261
 
   Grand Beach & Garnish
111
 
   Pt. Emagee to Harbour Millie
152
 
   Bottom of Fortune Bay
70
 
   Hare Harbour
575
 
   St. Jeques and Little Bay
 
250 to 320
   Jersey Harbour & Harbour Bretton
268
 
   Sagona, Hermitage Cove
951
 
   Great Jervis to Red Isle
 
 
   Burgeo Island to Cape Ray
227
 
   
Conception Bay, North.      
   Harbour Grace
3004
 
   Mosquito to Croker Cove
1083
27
  
From Harbour
Grace
   Holyrood to Bull Cove
1876
15
   Carbonear
2527
  5
   Brigus
1216
10
   Cupids
644
11
   Port de Grave
2004
10
   Bay Roberts & Spaniards Bay
1289
  8
   Bread & Cheese Cove to Malleys
1240
 
   Broad Cove to Bradleys Cove
789
30
   Western Bay
675
 
   Ochre Pit Cove to Bay Verde
1512
 


p. 1953


——
No. of
Inhabitants.




About miles
distance from
St. John's
Trinity Bay North.
 
 
 
   Trinity
928
 
   Catalina to Ship Cove
904
 
   Cuckolds Cover [sic] to Tickle Harbour
919
 
   New Harbour to Heart's Desire
432
 
   Heart's Content
314
60 to 100
   New Perlican
186
 
   Turks Cove to Seal Cove
553
 
   Old Perlican
548
 
   Daniels Cove and Grates Cove
369
 
   
Bonavista Bay, North.      
   Bonavista
1470
 
   King's Cove
308
 
   Broad Cove & Keels
401
 
   Tickle Cove
171
 
   Red Cliff Island
53
 
   Open Hall
97
80 to 120
   Barrow Harbour & Broom Close
53
 
   Salvage & Gooseberry Island
231
 
   Vene Island
73
 
   Greens Pond
1617
 
   Pilchards Island
120
 
   Cape Freels & Cobblers Island
77
 
   
Twillingate & Fogo, North.      
   Fogo Islands
1122
 
   Change Islands
166
160
   Herring Neck
293
 
   Twillingate Islands
977
 
   Tizzards Harbour
102
 
   Mortons Harbour
221
 
   Exploits Burnt Island
240
200 to 240
   Fortune Harbour
124
 
   Round Harbours Shoe Cove
142
 
   Salmon Catchers (scattered)
50
 
   Nippers Harbour
110
 
   
———
 
         Total of Inhabitants
60,000
 
         Deduct Chrildren
23,725
 
         
———
 
         Total Adults, Male & Female
36,275
 


[1927lab]




 

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