p. 939 JOINT
BY HIS EXCELLENCY HUGH PALLISER, ETC.
By Virtue of the power and authority to me given by His Majesty's Letters made Patent, bearing date at Westminster the ninth day of April in the fourth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George III. by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith I do hereby constitute and appoint you to be my Deputy or Surrogate with full power and authority to assemble Courts within to enquire into all such complaints as may be brought before you to hear and determine the same to all intents and purposes as I myself might or would do. By virtue of the power and authority vested in me you have likewise power and authority to seize and detain in order to proceed to condemnation all unaccustomed prohibited or run goods that may be found within the aforesaid limits or ports adjacent. And I do grant and give unto you full power and authority to administer the several oaths to any person or persons you shall think fit agreeable to the several Acts of Parliament made in that behalf. And I do strictly enjoin all Admirals of Harbours, all Justices of the Peace, all Officers Civil and Military, and all other His Majesty liege subjects to be aiding and assisting you the said and to obey and put into execution all such lawful orders as you shall give unto them as I myself might or would do by virtue of the power and authority vested in me.
Given under my hand this 13th April, 1765.
By Command of His Excellency,
Commissions delivered to:—
Captain Hamilton of His Majesty's Sloop Zephyr from point Riche to St. Barbe on Newfoundland and from St. John's River to Cape Charles on the Coast of Labradore.
Captain Saxton from Cape Ray to Ferryland.
Captain Thompson of His Majesty's Ship Lark from Trinity to Quirpont, both inclusive.
Sir Thos. Adams, Bart., of His Majesty's Ship Niger on the Coast of Labradore from the entrance of Davis' Streights to York Harbour inclusive.
Daniel Burr, Esq., on the Coast of Newfoundland from Cape Bonavista to Cape St. Francios.
By Command of His Excellency,
No. 218. C
REPRESENTATION OF THE LORDS OF TRADE TO H.M. THE KING
REPORTING ON THE STATE OF FISHERIES AND ON THE NECESSITY OF SEPARATE REGULATIONS FOR FISHERIES ON THE COAST OF LABRADOR.
C.0. 195. VOL. 9.
To the King's most excellent Majesty
May it please Your Majesty,¹
* * * *
With regard to that part of the Coast of Labrador and the Islands adjacent thereto and in the Gulph of St Lawrence, which Your Majesty has thought necessary to include within this Government, it does appear to us, from the best Information we have been able to collect of the State of the Fisheries established therein, which Information however is but very imperfect, that they will require a separate Consideration, and cannot properly fall under any Regulations Your Majesty may approve for the Island of Newfoundland; for, though it be true, that an advantageous Cod Fishery may be established on some Parts of the Coast of Labrador, more especially to the northward; yet it is certain, that the Whale, Seal, and Sea Cow Fishery have been hitherto, and will most probably continue to be the principal Objects of Attention and Pursuit in these Parts of Your Majesty's Dominions.
The Plan adopted by the French for the Establishment and Improvement of these Fisheries, more especially of those for Seals and Sea-Cows, was the
¹ A portion of this Representation relating to the state of Newfoundland will be found in the series of documents relating to the History of Newfoundland. Vide infra p. 1848.
granting exclusive Leases for a certain number of Years of those Parts of the Coast and of the Islands, where these Animals frequented; and this Method was, as we conceive, adopted upon the Apprehension, whether justly founded or not we cannot as yet determine, that any Rivalship or Interfering in those Places would, from the Nature and delicate Sensations of these Animals, absolutely destroy the Fishery; and, We find, that Your Majesty's Governor of Quebec, probably adopting the same Opinion, had pursued the same Plan; and that all these fishing Posts are now in Possession of particular Persons under Leases, subject to your Majesty's royal Approbation, from the said Governor, made before Your Majesty had declared Your Royal Intention of putting that Part of your Territories within the Government of Newfoundland.
Under these Circumstances therefore, and imperfectly informed as we are of the actual State of these Posts, either in respect to their Number, Extent, or Produce, or of the Terms for which, or the Conditions whereon, they are leased, we cannot take upon us to form an Opinion, what Regulations it may be proper finally to make in respect thereto; but as we shall not fail to direct Your Majesty's Governor of Newfoundland to make a particular Enquiry into, and to report to us a full State of all that concerns this part of Your Majesty's Dominions, and of his Government, as well with respect to the Fisheries, as the Commerce that may be opened and established with the Savage Inhabitants, we shall hope to be able next year humbly to submit to Your Majesty our Opinion thereupon, and to propose such Measures as may produce to this Nation every Advantage, that can be derived from these newly acquired Territories.
All which is most humbly submitted
April 29th 1765