Straits with Anticosti and the other Islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, were annexed to Newfoundland. Eleven years later (1774) the Labrador, the North shore of the River and Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the islands in the Gulf, were all transferred to Quebec by the Quebec Act. They remained part of Quebec until 1791, and part of Lower Canada until 1809, in which year the Imperial Parliament passed an Act (49 Geo. III. Cap. 27) which re-annexed to Newfoundland all that had been added to it by the Proclamation of 1763, with the exception of the Madalaine Islands. In the year 1825 the Imperial Parliament passed an Act (6 George IV. Cap. 59) which restored to Lower Canada part of what had been taken from it in 1809, namely: So much of the Coast of Labrador as “lies to the Westward of a line to be drawn due North and South from the Bay or Harbour of Ance Sablon, inclusive, as far as the fifty-second degree of North Latitude with the Island of Anticosti and all other Islands adjacent to such part, as last aforesaid, of the Coast of Labrador.”
It is clear then from the foregoing that it was a portion of the Coast of Labrador that was transferred to Canada and only that portion as “lies to the Westward of a line to be drawn due North and South from the Bay or Harbour of Ance Sablon, inclusive, as far as the Fifty Second degree of North Latitude.” This left the whole peninsula of the Labrador under the jurisdiction of the Government of this Colony. The License to cut Timber referred to in the report of the Honourable the Privy Council of Canada, now under consideration, is many miles to the Eastward of line which was laid down by the Imperial Statute, above quoted, as the boundary between the Province of Quebec and the Newfoundland Labrador.
On the 31st July, 1880, an Imperial Order in Council was passed in the following terms namely: “From and after the first day of September, 1880, all British territories and provinces in North America, not already mentioned within the Dominion of Canada, and all Islands adjacent to any of such territories or possessions, shall with the exception of Newfoundland and its Dependencies become, and be annexed to, and form part of, the said Dominion of Canada, and become and be subject to the Laws for the time being in force in the said Dominion, in so far as such laws may be applicable thereto.” This in no way affected the Labrador peninsula which was within the jurisdiction of the Government of Newfoundland.
Oct. 1902 to April 1904.
Pages 173, 178-9-80.