p. 1521 N
30th May, 1863. MINUTES OF NEWFOUNDLAND EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, RESPECTING APPOINTMENT OF JAMES WINTER.
See page 1441 infra.
No. 580. N
GOVERNOR BANNERMAN TO JAMES WINTER.
RECORD BOOK, ST. JOHN'S, NEWFOUNDLAND. Volume 52, page 750.
4th June 1863.
Referring to the instructions which you will receive from the Acting Colonial Secretary by order of the Governor and Council, His Excellency has to direct your attention to the printed copy above of his Commission defining the Jurisdiction of Newfoundland, and to which you will strictly adhere in the performance of the duties which you are entrusted to carry into effect.
The Governor will direct that several Charts shall be placed on board the Schooner.
No. 1. The Gulf including the Strait of Belle Isle on this Chart the Western limit of Newfoundland is laid down, which is Latitude 51° 25´ North, Longitude 57° 9´ West, and from that parallel there is a line drawn by Captain Chief of the Surveying Department, due North and which you will observe includes within the Governor's Jurisdiction “Blanc Sablon” and the “Woody Islands” The term “due North” in a matter of boundary means a true North line, that is “from such a place to such a place” includes both; or for instance from the 1st May to the 1st June includes the whole of the two days.
No. 2 Chart is one of St. Lewis Inlet just published and No. 3 Straits of Belle Isle to Cape Chudleigh In this Chart the Northern limit of the Governors Jurisdiction is Latitude 60° 37´ North Longitude 65° West but no accurate survey of the Cape has been made for many years.
These Charts with any others which the Governor may send for the use of the Schooner, must be delivered to the Colonial Secretary on her return.
The limits it seems may be safely taken as extending to three miles, or a marine league from the beach seawards Bays, or other inlets lying between headlands, and other points of the mainland being territorial are subject to the ordinary jurisdiction to which the main land owes its obedience; and while asserting the authority of Colonial Law in Colonial waters, the Imperial Government desire the Governor to enforce upon you, that you will take care to do so in a manner which is likely to be least offensive to any foreigners who may fall within the scope of your instructions.
As it is many years since duties were collected on the Labrador the law for imposing them having fallen into abeyance in consequence of the too expensive Court which was then conjoined with it, you will no doubt find that the Traders, Merchants &c will be averse to their collection now You will therefore act with prudence and moderation in performing your duty, referring any parties who may complain to the Government, assuring them that His Excellency and the Council have been repeatedly urged in Justice to Her Majesty's Subjects within this Island, to adopt the measures which they have at last resorted to, and to place Labrador on the same footing as Newfoundland by extending to the Trade of that dependency the payment of the same duties as are collected from the residents here.
You will be furnished with a copy of the interesting Report of the late Mr. Rendell, who two and twenty years ago, left St. John's on the 4th of July in a boat the crew of which consisted of four men and proceeded to Labrador to receive the Revenue and to collect information respecting that Coast for the use of the Legislature. It will be seen that Mr. Rendell travelled over a distance of 1200 miles, at an expense of £63 and collected at that time Revenue amounting to £205.
One of H.M. Ships will be cruising on the Coast for the protection of Commerce and the Fisheries, most probably the Vesuvius and you will take care to observe and attend to any instructions which Captain Hamilton or the Commanding Officer of any other of H.M. Ships may think it expedient to give you in regard to the service you are employed in.
It is likely you that may find opportunities to communicate with the Government during your stay at Labrador and they will expect to hear from you. At the same until you make your final report it will be advisble that you avoid sending partial statements to other parties relative to the performance of the duties you are entrusted with. On all other matters of course you will communicate with your friends as you may consider necessary.
I have &c.
(Signed) A. BANNERMAN,
James Winter, Esq.,