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GOVERNOR COCHRANE'S INSTRUCTIONS TO
ON PROCEEDING ON HIS CIRCUIT ON THE LABRADOR.
RECORD BOOK, ST. JOHN'S, NEWFOUNDLAND. Volume 35, page 416.
11th August, 1826.
With your Commission to proceed on your Circuit to Labrador and the Proclamation which accompanies, I transmit you a list of such places as from the best information that can be obtained are likely to call for your presence. At the same time you will understand that it by no means professes to be correct; but after your arrival at Invucktoke, you must obtain from time to time the best information you can get on that point and regulate your proceedings accordingly, taking the most Northern place at which first to hold your Court, so that you may be always making progress to the, Southward as the Summer declines.
Herewith you will receive a Copy of the Treaty with America, by which that Country is entitled to take and cure fish upon the Coast of Labrador, and with it I also forward to you copy of an explanatory letter from Lord Bathurst on the subject of it. At the same time that I recommend the most conciliatory and friendly conduct on the part of yourself and all attached to your Court or under your authority towards the subjects of the United States whilst engaged in the fishery secured to them by the Treaty, you will bear in mind that whilst they are employed within your Jurisdiction they are equally amenable to the Laws with any of His Majesty's subjects, and that the same measure of Justice is to be dealt to them as to any others infringing the rights of Individuals or disturbing the public Peace.
For your further guidance in the discharge of your official duties I must refer you to the Acts 5, Geo. 4, Cap. 51 & 67 with which you will be furnished, and should there be any point on which you may previously to your sailing require legal advice the same shall be submitted to the Attorney General, or to the Judges of the Supreme Court as the Case may require.
During the period that you are upon the Coast of Labrador, It is very desirable you should stake every opportunity of informing yourself of the
state of our Fishery, as well as that of the Americans, and that you should collect all the information you can with reference to the Fur trade, and Native Inhabitants, the Moravian Settlements, the number, if any, of Europeans or Americans who remain the Winter, as well as the Stations they occupy; and generally, that you should collect all the information you can of that imperfectly known country that may in any way tend to the Advancement of science or Commerce.
I am, Sir,
To Captain Paterson, C.B., R.N.,
Your most obedient servant,
(Signed) THOS. COCHRANE,
&c. &c. &c.