REPORT OF THE STATE OF THE BRETHREN'S MISSION ON THE COAST OF LABRADOR IN SEPTEMBER, 1773.
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At the end of July a King's Schooner, sent by Governor Schuldam commanded by Lieutenant Curtis, who had an Esquimaux Pilot from Chateaux Bay on board, arrived in our harbour & spent some few days there, & will have delivered in his report. We are much obliged to the Governor for his kind attention & concern shewn on this occasion, who sent the Schooner in order to know if the Missionaries were still alive & in what condition they were.
The Sloop after landing Mr. Layritz & his wife, went from Unity Harbour to the northward Aug. 2d taking in her Mr. Jens Haven Mr. Hill & an Esquimaux & went north as far as 59.30 & saw & made acquaintance with several different Tribes & Families of Esquimaux . . . .
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When the King's schooner came to our harbour the Esquimaux were called together & the Officer declared the Governor's orders to them by Interpreter, that for the future if any of them killed an European or another Esquimaux he should be put to death & the same if he stole, that they should not go to the southward on pretence of fetching wood for their arrows & then steal Boats, Sails, Ropes & Graplins, for they should be well watched & punished . . .
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The Officer then told them that they should make the Governor's Orders known to the other Esquimaux in the South & North. They answered that they had already done so, & would continue to make it known as far as wherever they could: The Officer said, those Esquimaux who frequented the Brethren were not meant to be forbidden going occasionally to the South, but they must not come without a written Certificate that they were persons who could be trusted, for if any came without they would not be let pass. The Esquimaux said we do not think to go the south, but if we should want to go, we will bring a Letter from our Brethn here. The Governor's Proclamation is wrote on a large Board in the Esquimaux Language & hung up on the Pallisades.
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Our Society for the furtherance of the Gospel as well as our Mission in Labrador are extremely obliged to Government for their kind countenance
and protection & for their wise care & concorn to prevent future mischief from & to the Esquimaux, & are happy in having had three such successive Governors as Sr Hugh Palliser, Mr. Byron & Mr. Schuldham who have in the most obliging & prudent manner protected our Mission & the Esquimaux; etc.
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Signed: JAMES HUTTON.
Decr 6. 1773.
Lindsey House Chelsea.
To the EARL OF DARTMOUTH; &c. . . .
& To the RIGHT HONOURABLE THE LORDS COMMISSIONERS
FOR TRADE & PLANTATION.
No. 442. N
ABOUT FURTHER GRANTS OF TERRITORY TO THE MORAVIANS.
At the Council Chamber, Whitehall, the 9th March 1774.
PRIVY COUNCIL 2 / 117, pp. 458-459.
Your Majesty having been pleased by your order in council of the 21st of last month to refer unto this Committee a Representation from the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations in the words following, viz.:—
“We have had under our consideration a memorial of Mr. James Hutton and sundry others on behalf of the Unitas Fratrum and its Society, for the furtherance of the Gospel amongst the heathen referring to an inclosed report of last year's proceedings of the Mission at Nain on the coast of Labrador, and praying for the reasons in the said memorial set forth, that the Missionaries may have leave to take up some thousand acres of land for the use of such Esquimeaux as shall incline to conversion, somewhere about the 54 or 55 degree to the southward of Nain, wherever it shall be found most agreeable to the Arbatock tribe, as likewise some thousand acres of land to the northward of Nain, somewhere in the parts that lie from 57th to the sixtieth degree on the Eastern coast of Labrador.
Whereupon we beg leave humbly to represent to your Majesty—That the propagating the lights of the gospel salvation among the barbarous and uninstructed tribes which frequent the coasts of Labrador, is an object in every respect so meritorious, and the endeavours of these missionaries appear to have been so sincere and are attended withal by so fair a promise of success from the reception they have met with, that we do not scruple humbly to recommend to your Majesty to comply with the prayer of their memorial, by granting to them such tracts to the southward and northward of their present location, as shall be found suitable to the wishes of the savages, and to the purposes of the undertaking; At the same time we humbly beg leave to advise that your Majesty's Governor be instructed to take due care, that the spots chosen by these Missionaries for their settlements be such, as may in no respect interrupt or annoy the fisheries carried on upon this coast.”
The Lords of the Committee in obedience to your Majesty's said order of reference, this day took the said Representation into consideration and do agree humbly to report as their opinion that it may be advisable to your Majesty to comply with the prayer of the said Memorial and to permit and allow the Missionaries of the said Unitas Fratrum to extend their settlements accordingly to the southward and northward of their present location, and to occupy and possess during your Majesty's pleasure, such tracts of land as may be found necessary for the purposes of the undertaking provided such tracts shall not exceed 100,000 acres to the southward of Nain, and 100,000 acres to the northward of Nain. And that your Majesty's Governor of Newfoundland do take due care that the spots chosen by the said Missionaries for their settlements be such as may in no respects interrupt or annoy the fisheries carried on upon the said coast of Labrador.