24th July, 1821. LETTER FROM CAPTAIN MARTIN TO GOVERNOR HAMILTON.
See page 1222 infra.
No. 402. N
CAPTAIN MARTIN, OF H.M.S. CLINKER, TO GOVERNOR HAMILTON.
RECORD BOOK, ST. JOHN'S, NEWFOUNDLAND, Volume 32, page 99.
H.M. Brig, Clinker, Cuff Harbour, Entrance of Invertoke Inlet,
1st Sept. 1821.
In my last dated 24th July, I informed you of its being my intention to proceed to the Northward about the 1st of August. The 26th July we proceeded out of the Inlet from Information obtained by a Shallop which arrived here from the Northward the day previous to my sailing of the great quantity of lee still remaining in the offing, I judged it advisable (to ensure a passage) to proceed between the Islands and the Main land if possible. From the 26th July to the 11th Aug. I was employed beating and running through the Islands when weather permitted anchoring at evening & weighing at dawn of day.
When we arrived at Port Manvers, going between Newark of Island and the Main, coming to the anchorage through Pierre point Canal, the innumerable quantity of Icebergs and other Ice, rendered our passage outside nearly impossible, and from the observations I made from the tops of hills, which I was obliged to mount every evening to observe our way (our Pilot not knowing the Coast further than Cape Harrison, 60 miles to the Northward of Invertoke) and the Charts so extremely erroneous I could not depend on them. The Islands and Rocks extend 50 miles from the Main land, we experienced 8 days foggy blowing weather during our passage,
At Port Manvers not one Inhabitant resides, and judging it your wish I should communicate with the Moravian Missionaries on this Coast, I proceeded from thence the next morning further to the Northward intending to find their settlements out. After running round an innumerable number of Islands in a Northerly direction till the 15th (following the plan of anchoring
and weighing as before) when I anchored on the N. E. side of Okkack Island where we found the Northernmost Moravian Settlement, the gratitude they expressed at Your Excellency's attention to them in sending a Man of War to visit their Settlements was unbounded and the whole of the Congregation of Indians desired I should express such to you. On the 21st I proceeded to Nain, the second Settlement, on our way back, the 26th, sailed for Hopedale their Southernmost settlement, arrived at it 27th. We were accompanied by the Harmony Merchant Brig their annual Vessel, from those two places likewise the utmost gratitude was expressed at our visiting them, the 30th weighed, and anchored at this place for the night.
I trust my visiting the three Settlements will meet Your Excellency's approbation, as I shall be enabled to arrive at the appointed Rendezvous by the 3rd. I weigh for Sandwich Bay to-morrow morning.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your most obedient humble servant,
(Signed) WM. MARTIN.
Vice Admiral Sir Charles Hamilton Bart.,
Commander in Chief, &c. &e.
EXTRACT FROM A REPORT
MADE BY CAPTAIN ALEXANDER MILNE, OF HER MAJESTY'S SHIP
" CROCODILE," RELATIVE TO THE FISHERIES OF NEWFOUNDLAND— 1840.*
“I am not aware that there is any settlement, properly so called, on this part of Labrador. The word I conceive to mean a number of houses, with inhabitants, residing permanently in one locality; but there are, I
believe, numerous establishments, the same as at Dumplin, Round, Black, and Indian Islands, along the Coast from Belle Isle northward. These establishments consisting of one principal house, it is, in general, a store for the sale of the various necessaries of life, and implements of fishing, &c., and for the purpose of purchasing fish, from any casual fishermen who come here. The Superintendents of these establishments generally come to these houses every Spring, bringing with them a number of fishermen, all of whom reside in temporary houses during the season, and when it is concluded return to England, St. John's, or their native place.”
* Journals of Leg. Council, Nfld, 1841, App. No. 30.