p. 1094                                 C

[Translation of No. 283.]


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      'The province, as it is now bounded by a line passing through the fortyfifth degree of north latitude, is confined within too narrow limits. This line is only fifteen leagues distant from Montreal. And yet it is only on this side that the lands of the province are fertile, and that agriculture can be cultivated to much advantage. We desire therefore that, as under the French government our colony was permitted to extend over all the upper countries known under the names of Michilimakinac, Detroit, and other adjacent places, as far as the river Mississippi, so it may now be enlarged to the same extent. And this re-annexation of these inland posts to the province is the more necessary on account of the fur-trade which the people of this province carry on to them; because, in the present state of things, as there are no courts of justice whose jurisdiction extends to those distant places, those of the factors we sent to them with our goods to trade with the Indians for their furs who happen to prove dishonest continue in them out of the reach of their creditors, and live upon the profits of the goods entrusted to their care: which intirely ruins this colony, and turns these posts into harbours for rogues and vagabonds, whose wicked and violent conduct is often likely to give rise to wars with the Indians.
      We desire also that his majesty would be graciously pleased to re annex to this province the coast of Labrador, which formerly belonged to it, and has been taken from it since the peace. The fishery for seals, which is the only fishery carried on upon this coast, is carried on only in the middle of winter, and sometimes does not last above a fortnight. The nature of this fishery, which none of his majesty's subjects but the inhabitants of this province understand; the short time of its continuance; and the extreme severity of the weather, which makes it impossible for ships to continue at that time upon the coasts; are circumstances which all conspire to exclude any fishermen from Old England from having any share in the conduct of it.
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FR. SIMONNET, &c., &c.



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